When Vidura tells Dhrtarashtra to leave home(Bhagavata Purana) (Sridhara’s and Sri Jiva’s commentaries)

(Bhāgavatam 1.13.15-1.13.30)

The commentaries being used here are Sridharaswami’s bhAvArtha dipikA and Sri Jiva Goswami’s kramasandarbha. The romanization scheme being used at the bottom is SLP1(Vowels and consonants).

abibhrad aryamā daṇḍamṃ yathāvad agha-kāriśu/
yāvad dadhāra śūdratvamṃ śāpād varṣa-śataṃ yamaḥ/1
yudhiṣthiro labdha-rājyo dṛṣṭvā pautraṃ kulan-dharam/
bhrātṛbhir loka-pālābhair mumude parayā śriyā/2

śrīdharasvāmiviracitā bhāvārthadīpikā

nanu śūdro’sau kathamupadiśet। na hyasau śūdraḥ kiṃ tu yamastadrūpeṅāsīt। kiṃ tatra kāraṇaṃ yame cātrāgate’mutra ko danḍadhara ityapekṣāyāmāha। abibhraditi। dhṇtavānityarthaḥ। māṇḍavya śāpāt। tathā hi kvaciccorānanudhāvanto rājabhaṭā mānḍavyasya ṛṣestapaścarataḥ samīpe tān saṃprāpya tena saha nibaddhcānīya rājñe nebedya tadājñayā sarvān śulamāropayāmāsuḥ। tato rājā marṛṣiṃ jñātvā śūlādavatārya prasādayāmāsa। tato muniryamaṃ gatvā kupita uvāca kasmādahaṃ śulamāropita iti।  tenoktaṃ tvaṃ bālye śalabhaṃ kuśāgreṇāviddhaya krīḍitavāniti। tacchrutvā mānḍavyastaṃ śaśāpa bālye’jānato me mahāntaṃ danḍaṃ yatastvaṃ kāritavānataḥ śūdro bhaveti।/1

idānīṃ rājyastāpakarṣaṃ nigamayati। yudhiṣṭhira iti। kulaṃdharaṃ vaṃśadharaṃ।/2

śrīmajjīvagosvāmikṛta kramasandarbhaḥ

nanvasau yama eva vidaratvena jātasya cāsya loke’smin śreyakṇtvameva śrūyate na tu yamaloke yamarupe yamarupeṇa daṇḍakṛtvamapi। tarhi tatra daṇḍaḥ kathamasaitsīt tatrāha abibhraditi। varṣāṇi katicidadhikāni śatañca varṣaśatam।/1-2

evaṃ gṛheṣu saktānāṃ pramattānāṃ tadīhayā/
atyakrāmadavijñātaḥ kālaḥ paramadustaraḥ/3
vidurastadamipretya dhṛtarāṣṭramabhāṣata/
rājannirgamyatāṃ śīghraṃ paśyedaṃ bhayamāgataṃ/4
pratikriyā na yasyeha kutaścitkarhicitprabho/
sa eva bhagavān kālaḥ sarveṣāṃ naḥ samāgataḥ/5
yena caivābhipanno’yaṃ prāṇaiḥ prayatamairapi/
janaḥ sadyo viyujyeta kimptānyairdhnādibhiḥ/6

śrīdharasvāmiviracitā bhāvārthadīpikā

tadīhayā gṛhavyāpāreṇa pramattānām। atyakrāmadāyuṣkālo’tikrāntaḥ। yadvā tanabhyabhavadityarthaḥ।/3

abhipretya jñātvā।/4

nanu tatpratīkāraḥ kriyatāṃ kiṃ nirgamanena tatrāha pratikriyeti। sarveṣāmiti । yaiḥ pratikartavyaṃ teṣāmityarthaḥ।/5

kathaṃ dhanādiviyogaḥ soḍhuṃ śakyo’ta āha yena iti। abhipranno’bhigrastaḥ।/6

śrīmajjīvagosvāmikṛta kramasandarbhaḥ

evaṃ yudhiṣthirasya pālanalabdhasukhaprakāreṇa gṛheṣu saktānāṃ pramattānāṃ janānāṃ tu pāṅḍavānāṃ-“kiṃ te kāmāḥ suraspārhā mukundamanaso dvija। adhijahnurmudaṃ rajñaḥ kṣudhitasya yathetare॥” ityādeḥ–‘ye’dhhyāsanaṃ rājakirīṭajuṣṭaṃ sadyo jahurbhagavatpārśvakāmāḥ’ ityādeśca। ataeva vidupr’pi dhṛtarāṣṭram pratyeva tathopadideśa na tu tān pratīti।/3-6

pitṛbhrātṛsuhṛtputrā hatāste vigataṃ vayaḥ/
ātmā ca jarayā grastaḥ paragehamupāsase/7
aho mahīyasī jantorjīvitāśā yayā bhavān/
bhīmāpavarjitaṃ piṇḍamādatte gṛhapālavat/8
agnirnirsṛṣṭo dattaśca garo dārāśca dūṣitāḥ/
hṛtaṃ kṣetraṃ dhanaṃ yeṣāṃ taddattairasubhiḥ kiyat/9
tasyāpi tava deho’yaṃ kṛpaṇasya jijīviṣoḥ/
paaityanicchato jīrṇo jarayā bāsasī iva/10

śrīdharasvāmiviracitā bhāvārthadīpikā

atrāvasthā na matidānyamiti darśayan vairāgyamutpādayati। pitṛbhrātriti saptabhīḥ। ātma ca dehaḥ।/7

yena putrā hatāstena bhīmena dattaṃ piṇḍaṃ gṛhapāla iva। gṛhapālaḥ śvā।/8

nisṛṣṭaḥ prakṣiptaḥ। garo viṣam। dūṣitāḥ avamatāḥ। taddattairannādibhirlabdhairasubhiḥ kiyatprayojanam। na kincidityarthaḥ।/9

tasyāpi tavaivaṃ dainyamanubhavato’pi paraiti kṣīyate’ta eva dhīro bhaveti।/10

śrīmajjīvagosvāmikṛta kramasandarbhaḥ

<no commentary>

gatasvārthamimaṃ dehaṃ varakto muktabandhanaḥ/
avijātagatirajahyāt savai dhira udāhṛtaḥ/11
yaḥ svakātparato veha jātanirveda ātmavān/
hṛdi jṛtvā hariṃ gehātpravrajetsa narottamaḥ/12
athodecīṃ diśaṃ yātu svairajñātagatirbhavān/
ito’rvāk prāyaśaḥ kālaḥ puṃsāṃ guṇavikarṣaṇaḥ/13
evaṃ rājā vidureṇānujena prajñācakṣurbodhita ājamīḍhaḥ/
chittvā sveṣu snehapāśāntraḍhimno niścakrāma bhrātṛsaṃdarśitādhvā/14

śrīdharasvāmiviracitā bhāvārthadīpikā

kiṃkakṣaṇe dhīra ityakśāyāmāha। gatasvārthaṃ yaśodharmādiśūnyaṃ  muktabandhanasyaktābhimānaḥ sva gata ityavijñātā gatiryasya sa dhīraḥ prāptasuḥkhasya svayaṃ sahanene muktiprāpteḥ।/11

narottamasty tataḥ prāgeva kṛtapratīkāra svakātsvata eva parataḥ patopadeśato vā/12

tvaṃ tu narottamo nābhūrata idānīṃ dhīro bhavetyāha artheti। arvāgarvācīna eṣyannityarthaḥ। guṇān dhairyadayādīn vakarṣatyācchinnatīti tathā।/13

ājamīḍhaḥ ajamīḍhavaṃśajaḥ। prajñācakṣurandaḥ। evaṃ bodhitaḥ san। draḍimnascittadārḍhyāt। bhrātrā saṃdarśito’dhvā bandhamokṣayormārgo yasya saḥ। /14

śrīmajjīvagosvāmikṛta kramasandarbhaḥ

gatasvārthamimiṃ dehamityādadvayam,pūrvva āturasannyāsī,parastu savivekena  bhagavaccharaṇatayā sannāsīti tāratabhyaṃ jñeyam। /12-14,and the rest set oṛ verses also।

patiṃ prayāntaṃ savalasya putrī pativratā cānuhagāma sādhvī/
himālayaṃ nyastadaṇḍapraharṣaṃ manasvināmiva satsaprahāraḥ/15

śrīdharasvāmiviracitā bhāvārthadīpikā

subalasya putrī gāndhārī sādhvī suśīlā himālayaṃ prayāntaṃ patimanujagāma। nanu kathaṃ sā sukumārī himādiduḥkhabahulaṃ himavantaṃ gatā ata āha। nyastadaṇḍānāṃ praharṣo yasmistam। duḥkhādamapi keṣāṃcittapraharṣaheturbhavatītyatra dṛṣṭāntaḥ–manasvināṃ śūrāṇāṃ yuddhe saṃstīvraḥ saṃprahāro yathā। pāṭhāntare satsaṃprahāraṃ yuddhaṃ yartheti।

śrīmajjīvagosvāmikṛta kramasandarbhaḥ

Already done above.

SLP1 romanization

abiBrad aryamA daṇḍamM yaTAvad aGa-kAriSu/
yAvad daDAra SUdratvamM SApAd varza-SataM yamaḥ/1
yuDizTiro labDa-rAjyo dfzwvA pOtraM kulan-Daram/
BrAtfBir loka-pAlABEr mumude parayA SriyA/2

SrIDarasvAmiviracitA BAvArTadIpikA

nanu SUdro’sO kaTamupadiSet. na hyasO SUdraH kiM tu yamastadrUpeNAsIt. kiM tatra kAraRaM yame cAtrAgate’mutra ko danqaDara ityapekzAyAmAha. abiBraditi. DRtavAnityarTaH. mARqavya SApAt. taTA hi kvaciccorAnanuDAvanto rAjaBawA mAnqavyasya fzestapaScarataH samIpe tAn saMprApya tena saha nibadDcAnIya rAjYe nebedya tadAjYayA sarvAn SulamAropayAmAsuH. tato rAjA marfziM jYAtvA SUlAdavatArya prasAdayAmAsa. tato muniryamaM gatvA kupita uvAca kasmAdahaM SulamAropita iti.  tenoktaM tvaM bAlye SalaBaM kuSAgreRAvidDaya krIqitavAniti. tacCrutvA mAnqavyastaM SaSApa bAlye’jAnato me mahAntaM danqaM yatastvaM kAritavAnataH SUdro Baveti./1

idAnIM rAjyastApakarzaM nigamayati. yuDizWira iti. kulaMdharaM vaMSaDaraM./2

SrImajjIvagosvAmikfta kramasandarBaH

nanvasO yama eva vidaratvena jAtasya cAsya loke’smin SreyakRtvameva SrUyate na tu yamaloke yamarupe yamarupeRa daRqakftvamapi. tarhi tatra daRqaH kaTamasEtsIt tatrAha abiBraditi. varzARi katicidaDikAni SataYca varzaSatam./1-2

evaM gfhezu saktAnAM pramattAnAM tadIhayA/
atyakrAmadavijYAtaH kAlaH paramadustaraH/3
vidurastadamipretya DftarAzwramaBAzata/
rAjannirgamyatAM SIGraM paSyedaM BayamAgataM/4
pratikriyA na yasyeha kutaScitkarhicitpraBo/
sa eva BagavAn kAlaH sarvezAM naH samAgataH/5
yena cEvABipanno’yaM prAREH prayatamErapi/
janaH sadyo viyujyeta kimptAnyErDnAdiBiH/6

SrIdharasvAmiviracitA BAvArTadIpikA

tadIhayA gfhavyApAreRa pramattAnAm. atyakrAmadAyuzkAlo’tikrAntaH. yadvA tanaByaBavadityarTaH./3

aBipretya jYAtvA./4

nanu tatpratIkAraH kriyatAM kiM nirgamanena tatrAha pratikriyeti. sarvezAmiti . yEH pratikartavyaM tezAmityarTaH./5

kaTaM DanAdiviyogaH soQuM Sakyo’ta Aha yena iti. aBipranno’BigrastaH./6

SrImajjIvagosvAmikfta kramasandarBaH

evaM yuDizTirasya pAlanalabDasuKaprakAreRa gfhezu saktAnAM pramattAnAM janAnAM tu pANqavAnAM-“kiM te kAmAH suraspArhA mukundamanaso dvija. adhijahnurmudaM rajYaH kzuDitasya yaTetare..” ityAdeH–‘ye’DhyAsanaM rAjakirIwajuzwaM sadyo jahurBagavatpArSvakAmAH’ ityAdeSca. ataeva vidupr’pi DftarAzwram pratyeva taTopadideSa na tu tAn pratIti./3-6

pitfBrAtfsuhftputrA hatAste vigataM vayaH/
AtmA ca jarayA grastaH paragehamupAsase/7
aho mahIyasI jantorjIvitASA yayA BavAn/
BImApavarjitaM piRqamAdatte gfhapAlavat/8
agnirnirsfzwo dattaSca garo dArASca dUzitAH/
hftaM kzetraM DanaM yezAM taddattErasuBiH kiyat/9
tasyApi tava deho’yaM kfpaRasya jijIvizoH/
paEtyanicCato jIrRo jarayA bAsasI iva/10

SrIdharasvAmiviracitA BAvArTadIpikA

atrAvasTA na matidAnyamiti darSayan vErAgyamutpAdayati. pitfBrAtriti saptaBIH. Atma ca dehaH./7

yena putrA hatAstena BImena dattaM piRqaM gfhapAla iva. gfhapAlaH SvA./8

nisfzwaH prakziptaH. garo vizam. dUzitAH avamatAH. taddattErannAdiBirlabDErasuBiH kiyatprayojanam. na kincidityarTaH./9

tasyApi tavEvaM dEnyamanuBavato’pi parEti kzIyate’ta eva DIro Baveti./10

SrImajjIvagosvAmikfta kramasandarBaH

<no commentary>

gatasvArTamimaM dehaM varakto muktabanDanaH/
avijAtagatirajahyAt savE Dira udAhftaH/11
yaH svakAtparato veha jAtanirveda AtmavAn/
hfdi jftvA hariM gehAtpravrajetsa narottamaH/12
aTodecIM diSaM yAtu svErajYAtagatirBavAn/
ito’rvAk prAyaSaH kAlaH puMsAM guRavikarzaRaH/13
evaM rAjA vidureRAnujena prajYAcakzurboDita AjamIQaH/
CittvA svezu snehapASAntraQimno niScakrAma BrAtfsaMdarSitADvA/14

SrIdharasvAmiviracitA BAvArTadIpikA

kiMkakzaRe DIra ityakSAyAmAha. gatasvArTaM yaSoDarmAdiSUnyaM  muktabanDanasyaktABimAnaH sva gata ityavijYAtA gatiryasya sa DIraH prAptasuHKasya svayaM sahanene muktiprApteH./11

narottamasty tataH prAgeva kftapratIkAra svakAtsvata eva parataH patopadeSato vA/12

tvaM tu narottamo nABUrata idAnIM DIro BavetyAha arTeti. arvAgarvAcIna ezyannityarTaH. guRAn DEryadayAdIn vakarzatyAcCinnatIti taTA./13

AjamIQaH ajamIQavaMSajaH. prajYAcakzurandaH. evaM boDitaH san. draqimnascittadArQyAt. BrAtrA saMdarSito’DvA banDamokzayormArgo yasya saH. /14

SrImajjIvagosvAmikfta kramasandarBaH

gatasvArTamimiM dehamityAdadvayam,pUrvva AturasannyAsI,parastu savivekena  BagavacCaraRatayA sannAsIti tArataByaM jYeyam. /12-14,and the rest set of verses also.

patiM prayAntaM savalasya putrI pativratA cAnuhagAma sADvI/
himAlayaM nyastadaRqapraharzaM manasvinAmiva satsaprahAraH/15

SrIdharasvAmiviracitA BAvArTadIpikA

subalasya putrI gAnDArI sADvI suSIlA himAlayaM prayAntaM patimanujagAma. nanu kaTaM sA sukumArI himAdiduHKabahulaM himavantaM gatA ata Aha. nyastadaRqAnAM praharzo yasmistam. duHKAdamapi kezAMcittapraharzaheturBavatItyatra dfzwAntaH–manasvinAM SUrARAM yudDe saMstIvraH saMprahAro yaTA. pAWAntare satsaMprahAraM yudDaM yarTeti.

SrImajjIvagosvAmikfta kramasandarBaH

Already done above.

 

Ganesha stotra from Narada Pancharatra

This is from the 1st rātra of that late Pāñcarātra text used by Gaudiyas,the Nārada Pāñcarātra.

dvāre niyuktaṃ deveśaṃ gaṇeśaṃ gaṇasaṃyuktaṃ।
dhyānasthañca vibhāntañca śuddhasphatikamālayā॥
japantaṃ paramaṃ śuddhaṃ brahmajyotiḥ sanātanam।
nirliptaṃ nirguṇaṃ kṛṣṇaṃ paramaṃ prakṛteḥ param।
dṛṣṭvā tañca surasreṣṭhaṃ miniśreṣṭho’pi nāradaḥ॥
sāmavedoktastotreṇa tuṣṭāva parameśvaram।
sāśrunetraḥ pulakito bhaktinamrātmakandharaḥ॥

nārada uvāca

bho gaṇeśa suraśreṣṭha lambodara parātpara।
heramba maṅgalārambha gajabhakta trilocana॥
muktida śubhada śrīda śrīdharasmaraṇe rata।
paramānanda parama pārvatīnandana svayam॥
sarvatra pūjya sarveśa jagatpūjya mahāmate।
jagadguro jagannātha jagadīśa namo’stute।
yatpūjā sarvapurato yaḥ stutaḥ savayogibhiḥ।
yaḥ pūjitaḥ sureraindraśca munīndraistaṃ namāmyaham॥
paramārādhanenaiva kṛṣṇasya paramātmanaḥ।
puṇyakena vratenaiva yaṃ prāpa pārvatī satī॥
taṃ namāmi suraśreṣṭhaṃ sarvaśreṣṭham garīṣṭhakam।
jñāniśreṣṭhaṃ varīṣṭhañca yaṃ namāmi gaṇeśvaram॥
ityevamuktvā devarśistatraivāntardadhe vibhuḥ।
nāradaḥ prayayau śīghramīśvarābhyantaraṃ mudā॥

phalaśruti

idaṃ lambodarastotraṃ nāradena kṛtaṃ purā।
pūjākāle paṭhennityaṃ jayastasya pade pade॥
saṃkalipita paṭhed yo hi varṣamekaṃ susaṃyataḥ।
viśiṣṭaputraṃ labhate paraṃ kṛṣṇaparāyaṇam॥
yaśasvinañca vidvāṃsaṃ dhaninaṃ cirajīvanam।
vignanāśo bhavettasya mahaiśvaryaṃ yaśo’malam।
ihaiva ca sukhaṃ cānte padaṃ yāti hareḥ param॥

SLP1 romanization

On how romanization in this scheme works: Vowels and Consonants.

dvAre niyuktaM deveSaM gaReSaM gaRasaMyuktaM.
DyAnasTaYca viBAntaYca SudDasPatikamAlayA..
japantaM paramaM SudDaM brahmajyotiH sanAtanam.
nirliptaM nirguRaM kfzRaM paramaM prakfteH param.
dfzwvA taYca surasrezWaM miniSrezWo’pi nAradaH..
sAmavedoktastotreRa tuzwAva parameSvaram.
sASrunetraH pulakito BaktinamrAtmakanDaraH..

nArada uvAca

Bo gaReSa suraSrezWa lambodara parAtpara.
heramba maNgalAramBa gajaBakta trilocana..
muktida SuBada SrIda SrIDarasmaraRe rata.
paramAnanda parama pArvatInandana svayam..
sarvatra pUjya sarveSa jagatpUjya mahAmate.
jagadguro jagannATa jagadISa namo’stute.
yatpUjA sarvapurato yaH stutaH savayogiBiH.
yaH pUjitaH surerEndraSca munIndrEstaM namAmyaham..
paramArADanenEva kfzRasya paramAtmanaH.
puRyakena vratenEva yaM prApa pArvatI satI..
taM namAmi suraSrezWaM sarvaSrezWam garIzWakam.
jYAniSrezWaM varIzWaYca yaM namAmi gaReSvaram..
ityevamuktvA devarSistatrEvAntardaDe viBuH.
nAradaH prayayO SIGramISvarAByantaraM mudA..

PalaSruti

idaM lambodarastotraM nAradena kftaM purA.
pUjAkAle paWennityaM jayastasya pade pade..
saMkalipita paWed yo hi varzamekaM susaMyataH.
viSizwaputraM laBate paraM kfzRaparAyaRam..
yaSasvinaYca vidvAMsaM DaninaM cirajIvanam.
vignanASo Bavettasya mahESvaryaM yaSo’malam.
ihEva ca suKaM cAnte padaM yAti hareH param..

 

On Vyasatirtha’s interpretations of tattvamasi—part I (w/lakshana on ‘tat’)

Before I begin this work,I offer my pra.naamas to that lion amongst scholars of Madhva Vedanta,Dr. BNK Sharma.

Points to be noted while arguing

* tattvamasi to be interpreted in line of a lak.sa.na(a secondary signification),which advaitins do too.

vyaasatiirtha‘s explanations based on lak.sa.na on the term tat are noted here.

(1) Identity based on association:(saahacaryaat taacchabdam…). It’s referred to by paata~njali,the author of the mahaabhaa.sya. The example “vasanta adhyayanam” under Pāṇini(iv.2.63) is cited where it is justified thus ”
sahacaryat tacchabdyam bhavisyati vasantasahacaritamadhyayanam vasanta iti|“.The close association between the jIva and brahman is justified by the “srutidvaa supar.naa sayujaa sakhaa…

(2) Identity based by virtue of basic relationship with another(tadaa”sritatvaat taditi vyapade”sa.h…)this too is accepted by paata~njali in his interpretation of paa.nini‘s sutra “samartha padavidhi.h…” . Such an identity in the form of
aa”srayaa”srayiibhava is implied in the passage from śruti “sarvaa.h prajaa.h sadaayatanaa.h satprati.s.thaa” in uddaalaka’s discourse.

(3) Language of identity being employed when one thing is the source of another.(tato jaatatvaat taditi vyapade…). An example given is “braahma.no’sya mukhamaasiit“(the Brahmin was His face) by which it was meant that the Brahmin was born from the face of the viraa.tapuru.sa. It is explained the the mahaabhaa.sya on the sutra “imya.na.h sa.mprasaara.nam” where sa.mprasaara.nam is explained in the mahaabhaa.sya as vowels resulting from a specific kind of vowel-gradation known as sa.mprasaara.nam….just as in ordinary parlance,a crow born of another crow or a hawk born of another hawk is spoken of by the same name(yathaa kaakaajjaata.h kaaka.h, “syenaajjaata.h “syena.h, eva.m sa.mprasaara.naajjaato var.na.h sa.mprasaara.na.h). Here,the statement “sanmuulaa.h sobhyemaa.h sarva.h prajaa.h” is used. In this sense,they might be spoken as Brahman(tat),born as they are,of Brahman.

(4) Identity by reason of dependence(tadasiinatvaat taditi vyapade”sa.h…) is an idiom in mimaa.msaka usage. An example is dhaanyamasi,dhinuhi devaan where rice is referred to as “dhaanyam“(grain) by lak.sa.na because it is produced from grains(dhaanyaadhiinotpattike ta.n.dule dhaanya”sabdaprayoha.h)  The dependence of jiiva on brahman is brought out int he chaandogya and other places “praa.nabandhana.m hi somya mana.h| yathaasmin aakaa”so “syeno…“,so the declaration is taken in the figurative sense of “tadadhiina.h tvamasi” through the same kinda of lak.sa”na as in “dhaanyamasi“. Such usages are frequently found in braahma.na and upani.sadic literature.

(5) Identity in virtue of resemblance:Used in paata~njali‘s interpretation of the sutra of paa.ninibahuga.navatu.dati sa.mkhyaa” where he notes the elision of a suffix like vat/vatup,etc. So,tattvamasi should be understood to mean “tadvattvamasi“(Thou art like it). Such usages also have precedence in the mimaa.msa suutra of jaimini (saarupyaat) and have been illustrated there.

Some conlanging experiments of Hindu Sanskrit grammarians

Burnell,in one of his appendices to his monograph on the aindra-vyAkAraNa noted a conlang of sorts,which went by the name of bhANDIrabhASA. This conlang prakRt has a grammar on it authored by a certain kRSNa-kavI,and was used to compose songs in plays by a certain veGkatamakhIn,though the only example I heard of was taken from saGgIta sampradAya pradarzini of subbarAma dIkSita(1904).

The origin mythos of this conlang is thus given

bhANDirAdeze bhANDIravaTazAkhAprasArite|
bRndAvanAntare kRSNaH pUrNAnandapariplutaH||
kAliGga-gauDa-kAmbhojA’vantya-saurASTra-mAgadhaiH|
mahArASTre ca saMbhUtaiH sarasair gopikAjanaiH||
taiH sahasraiH SoDazabhiH paritaH paribhUSitaH|
parizramam apAkratuM rAsakrIDAM vidhAya ca|
bhANDiratarum Azritya tribhaGgishAnakanisthitaH|
adhaHkarAbhyAM paJcamakriyAcAturyalolupaH|
cArayann UrdhvapANibhyAM veNunAdaM mRdutvataH(sic)|
tAbhis taddezajAn rAgAn AkarNya parayA mudA||

…..         …. … gopastrIpraibhASitAn|
mRdvAlApAn samAdAya rAgAn so’poSayan mudA||

Of this,nArada was ordered by gopinAtha(kRSNa) to compose a grammar,which he did,and subsequently taught to the sage zArdula.

It’s character and purpose was listed thus:

ghoSAkSarair yuktam api mRdu zrAvyaM manoharam|
prakAzArthaM gItayogaM bhANDIram iti kathyate||

It was indended mainly to suit certain musical purposes.Naresh Keerthi noted that a musical language like this would have been uniformly unintelligible to the different people who inhabited tanjAvUr at the time of its composition,so it would not privilege any particular community in the audience.

It’s grammar has a series of modified zivasutras reproduced below

| a,i,u,n | R,lR,k | e,o,G | ai,au,c | h,y,s,r,l,G | J,m,G,N,n,m | jh,bh,gh,Dh,dh,j,b,g,D,d | c,ph,ch,Th,th,p,c,c,T,t,y | z,S,s,t |

An example of how words seemed to be formed

bhANDIra Sanskrit
aikhun aikhuni AkarNyA’karNya
kRSNuv’Ananddu kRSNasyA’nandaH
teNe ujali teno’jjvalitam
aritu haritaH
aruhu arhaH
cekkam cakram
haricandaru harizcandraH
bhuMmi bhUmiH

It has an elaborate system of inflection for both nouns and verbs. An example given by Burnell:

Singular Present tense: bhU(root): bhomi,bhosi,bhodi/bhoti
Plural Present tense:bhoma,bhodha,bhonti

After giving the pANinian technical terms the writer(presumably kRSNa-kavI) ends with: teSAM rupaM saMskRtavat sarvaM tadbhavasaMmatAt“.

Burnell opines: “It is thus evident that this bhAndIrabhASA is merely a variety of prakRt,but which violates the phonetic rule of the last by which kh,gh,th,dh,bh usually become h”.

A very brief commentary

So,I found this article by Garga Chatterjee a year ago,and he reshared this again a few days ago.

 

My two cents:

 

  • Delinking devī from a movement that is meant to protect Hindu samāja,no matter how defective it is at its  present stage is of no sense.
  • It is clear that the author only uses Devī as a prop to write against those who are the best wishers of the guard of Hindu society against aggressions.
  • It would have been a lot better if She was invoked more frequently all over India. The festival is already becoming secularized more day by day,and not many seem to be noticing it yet. Or thought over the loss to Hindu tradition the ‘secularization’ can bring about.

siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ (śrī-baladeva-vidyābhūṣaṇair viracitaḥ), prathamā prabhā

śrī-baladeva-vidyābhūṣaṇair viracitaḥ
śrī-nanda-miśra-racita-ṭippaṇyā samalaṅkṛtaḥ

Credits:Jagadananda Dasa(Jagat) and Demian Martins

The following manuscripts were used to prepare this critical edition

ka) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, Nanda-miśra-ṭippaṇī-sahitaḥ, Haridāsa dāsa, Navadvip, Gaurābda 457 (AD 1943).
kha) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, Nanda-miśra-ṭippaṇī-sahitaḥ, Gaura-Gopāla Gosvāmī, Bengali characters, undated.
ga) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, Nanda-miśra-ṭippaṇī-sahitaḥ, manuscript preserved at Sarvabhauma Madhusūdana Library, Śrī Rādhā-ramaṇa Mandir, Vṛndāvana, Saṁvat 1892 (AD 1835).
gha) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, published by Sundarānanda Vidyāvinoda, Bengali characters, undated.
ṅa) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, Bhaktisiddhānta-kṛta-gauḍīya-bhāṣyopetaḥ, Sajjana-toṣaṇī, Gaurābda 441 (AD 1927), The Harmonist (reprint of 2006).
ca) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, Nanda-miśra-ṭippaṇī-sahitaḥ, manuscript preserved at the Krishnapur Mutt, Udupi, undated.
cha) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, Nanda-miśra-ṭippaṇī-sahitaḥ, manuscript preserved at the Rajasthan Oriental Research Institute in Jaipur, transcribed by Gaṇgā-sahāya, Saṁvat 1944 (AD 1887).
ja) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, Nanda-miśra-ṭippaṇī-sahitaḥ, manuscript preserved at the Rajasthan Oriental Research Institute in Udaipur, transcribed by Rādhā-Kṛṣṇa dāsa, Saṁvat 1889 (AD 1832).
jha) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, Nanda-miśra-ṭippaṇī-sahitaḥ, manuscript preserved at the Rajasthan Oriental Research Institute in Udaipur, transcribed by Hari-cayana Miśra, undated.
ña) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, Nanda-miśra-ṭippaṇī-sahitaḥ, manuscript preserved at the Rajasthan Oriental Research Institute in Alwar, transcribed by Vihārī Lāl Miśra, Saṁvat 1880 (AD 1823).
ṭa) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, Nanda-miśra-ṭippaṇī-sahitaḥ, manuscript preserved at the Rajasthan Oriental Research Institute in Jodhpur, accession number 6561, undated.
ṭha) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, Nanda-miśra-ṭippaṇī-sahitaḥ, manuscript preserved at the Rajasthan Oriental Research Institute in Jodhpur, accession number 35076, undated.

ḍa) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, Nanda-miśra-ṭippaṇī-sahitaḥ, manuscript preserved at the Rajasthan Oriental Research Institute in Jodhpur, accession number 36224, Saṁvat 1829 (AD 1772).
ḍha) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, Nanda-miśra-ṭippaṇī-sahitaḥ, manuscript preserved at the Rajasthan Oriental Research Institute in Jodhpur, accession number 38210, undated.
ṇa) Nanda-miśra-kṛta-siddhānta-darpaṇa-ṭippaṇī, manuscript preserved at the Bhāratīya Kalā Bhavan, Banaras Hindu University, undated.
ta) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, Nanda-miśra-ṭippaṇī-sahitaḥ, manuscript preserved at the Nimbārka Sanskrit Mahāvidyālaya in Vṛndāvana, transcribed by Gaṅgā Rāma, Saṁvat 1889 (AD 1832).
tha) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, Nanda-miśra-ṭippaṇī-sahitaḥ, manuscript in Bengali characters preserved at Pāṭhabāḍī, Kolkata, accession number 1273, transcribed by Ānanda Nārāyaṇa, Bengali year 1273 (AD 1867).
da) Siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ, Nanda-miśra-ṭippaṇī-sahitaḥ, manuscript preserved at the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute in Pune, accession number 740/1884-87, undated.

prathamaḥ prabhā

nāstika-nirāsaḥ

pitā parāśaro yasya śukadevasya yaḥ pitā |
taṁ vyāsaṁ badarī-vāsaṁ kṛṣṇa-dvaipāyanaṁ bhaje ||1||

śyāmo’pi yaḥ śruti-saroruha-bodha-raktaḥ śānto’pi yaḥ syati tamas-tatim antara-sthām |
pratyak-padaṁ diśati yaḥ paramaṁ svagobhir vyāsaṁ tam adbhuta-raviṁ śaraṇaṁ prapadye ||

vedaṁ tad-vācyaṁ ca pareśaṁ durdhiyo nāstikā na manyante | kecic cāstikābhāsāḥ samāśrayanty ardha-kukkuṭīyam | tān etān durmukhān nirākartuṁ siddhānta-darpaṇaṁ nāma prakaraṇaṁ nibadhnan sva-prācā kṛtāṁ śrī-vyāsa-bhaktiṁ tan-mukhe maṅgalatvena likhati—piteti |

bhaje praṇaty-ādibhir anukūlayāmīty arthaḥ | parāśara-pitṛkatvenāsyeśvaratvaṁ vyajyate | kṛṣṇa-dvaipāyanaṁ vyāsaṁ viddhi nārāyaṇaṁ prabhum [vi.pu. 3.4.5] iti śrī-vaiṣṇavāt | śuka-pitṛtvena viśuddha-bhakti-samupadeśitvaṁ ca, tasya bhaktir bhajato vāñchita-siddhi-karīti  ca ||1||

nityaṁ nivasatu hṛdaye caitanyātmā murārir naḥ |
niravadyo nirvṛtimān gajapatir anukampayā yasya ||2||

svayaṁ maṅgalam ācarati—nityam iti | atra kṛṣṇaś caitanyo murāriś ceti trayo’rthā varṇitāḥ | ādye pakṣe murāriḥ kṛṣṇaḥ | caitanyātmā cid-vigrahaḥ | gajapatir grāha-kliṣṭo gajendraḥ | niravadyo vigata-paśu-bhāvaḥ | nirvṛtimān prāpta-pārṣada-tanuḥ | dvitīye caitanyātmā caitanya-nāmā ātmā vigrahaḥ | murāriḥ saṁsṛtikutsā-vināśī | gajapatir utkalādhīśaḥ | niravadyas tyakta-rājasaḥ | nirvṛtimān avāpta-premānandaḥ | tṛtīye murāriḥ sva-pūrva-caturthaḥ | caitanyātmā śacī-sutaika-niṣṭhaḥ | gajapatir gopāla-dāsākhyaḥ kari-rājaḥ | niravadyas tyakta-hiṁsaḥ | nirvṛtimān sat-sevānanditaḥ | atrādya-pakṣo vācyaḥ | antyau tu vyaṅgyau ||2||

yad asmin veda-siddhāntāḥ prakāśante satāṁ priyāḥ |
tenāyaṁ bhaṇyate grantho nāmnā siddhānta-darpaṇaḥ ||3||

prakṛtaṁ granthaṁ stauti—yad iti | veda-siddhāntā vedasya nityatva-bhagavad-rūpatvetihāsa-purāṇa-rūpatva-rūpāḥ prakāśante samyak pratītā bhavantīty arthaḥ | satāṁ vaidikānāṁ hari-bhaktānām ||3||

ekam eva paraṁ tattvaṁ vācya-vācaka-bhāva-bhāk |
vācyaḥ sarveśvaro devo vācakaḥ praṇavo bhavet ||4||

grantham avatārayati ekam iti—etad vai satyakāma paraṁ cāparaṁ ca brahma yad oṁkāra [pra.u. 5.2] iti ṣaṭ-praśnyāṁ vācya-vācakayor īśvaroṁkārayor abhedo darśyate | evam anyatra ca ||4||

matsya-kūrmādibhī rūpair yathā vācyo bahur bhavet |
vācako’pi tatha rg-ādi-bhāvād bahur udīryate ||5||

dvayor bahu-rūpatām āha—matsyeti | vācyaḥ sarveśo yathā matsyādi-rūpair bahu-mūrtis tathā vācako’pi praṇava ṛg-yajuḥ-sāmātharvetihāsa-purāṇādi-rūpair bahu-rūpo bhavati | eko’pi san bahudhā yo’vabhāti [go.tā.u. 1.20]  iti śrī-gopāla-tāpanyām | ekāneka-svarūpāya iti śrī-vaiṣṇave (1.2.3) ca vācyasya bahu-rūpatvam | sarve vedāḥ praṇavādikā (1.3) ity ārabhya, tasya ha vai praṇavasya yā pūrvā mātrā pṛthivy-akāra (2.1) ity-ādinākārokāra-makārārdha-mātrās tasya vācakasya kramād ṛg-yajuḥ-sāmātharvāṇi bhavantīti śrī-nṛsiṁha-tāpanyām abhidhānāt praṇavasya rg-ādi-rūpatvam | evaṁ vā are asya mahato bhūtasya niḥśvasitam etad ṛg-vedo yajur-vedaḥ sāma-vedo’tharvāṅgirasa itihāsaḥ purāṇaṁ vidyā upaniṣadaḥ ślokāḥ sūtrāṇy anuvyākhyānāni iti bṛhadāraṇyakāt (2.4.10) |

itihāsa-purāṇasya vaktāraṁ samyag eva hi |
māṁ caiva pratijagrāha bhagavān īśvaraḥ prabhuḥ ||
eka āsīd yajur vedas taṁ caturdhā vyakalpayat |
cāturhotram abhūt tasmiṁs tena yajñam akalpayat ||
ādhvaryavaṁ yajurbhis tu ṛgbhir hotraṁ tathā muniḥ |
audgātraṁ sāmabhiś cakre brahmatvaṁ cāpy atharvabhiḥ ||
ākhyānaiś cāpy upākhyānair gāthābhir dvija-sattamāḥ |
purāṇa-saṁhitāś cakre purāṇārtha-viśāradaḥ ||
yac chiṣṭaṁ tu yajur-veda iti śāstrārtha-nirṇayaḥ ||

iti vāyu-purāṇe sūtokteś cetihāsa-purāṇayor vedatvam ||5||

ādy-anta-rahitatvena dvayaṁ nityaṁ prakīrtyate |
āvirbhāva-tirobhāvau syātām asya yuge yuge ||6||

athobhayor nityatvam āha—ādy-anteti | ādir janma anto vināśaḥ | tad-rahitatvena vācya-vācaka-rūpaṁ vastu-dvayaṁ nityam ucyate | tam ādi-madhyānta-vihīnam ekam iti kaivalyopaniṣadi (6) | jñājñau dvāv ajāv īśānīśav iti śvetāśvataropaniṣadi (1.9) | tad eva śukraṁ tad brahma tad evāmṛtam ucyate iti kaṭha-vallyām (2.6.1) |

avikārāya śuddhāya nityāya paramātmane |
sadaika-rūpa-rūpāya viṣṇave sarva-jiṣṇave |
apakṣaya-vināśābhyāṁ pariṇāmarddhi-janmabhiḥ |
varjitaḥ śakyate vaktuṁ yaḥ sadāstīti kevalam ||
iti śrī-vaiṣṇave  (1.2.1/1.2.11) ca vācyasya sarveśasya nityatvaṁ prakīrtyate |
vācā virūpa nityayā iti śrutyā (Ṛg Veda,8.75.6)|
anādi-nidhanā nityā vāg utsṛṣṭā svayaṁbhuvā |
ādau vedamayī divyā yataḥ sarvāḥ pravṛttayaḥ ||

iti smṛtyā (Mahābhārata 12,224.55) ca vācakasya vedasya nityatvaṁ prakīrtyata ity arthaḥ |

nanu brahma-viṣṇu-rudrendrās te sarve prasūyanta iti sarveśasya viṣṇor utpattiḥ śrutā (Atharvaśikhā Upaniṣad, 3) | deha-vināśaś ca smaryate bhāratādiṣu | vedasyāpi śabda-rāśitvād utpatti-vināśau durvārau, tataḥ kathaṁ tayor nityatvam ? tatrāha—āvirbhāveti | asyobhayātmakasya vastuno janma-nāśau na staḥ | kintv āvirbhāva-tirobhāvau bhavetām | brahmety-ādi-śrutau viṣṇor utpattis teṣu tasya saṅgatir eva, caureṣv iva rājñaḥ | utpatti-pratiṣedhād eva | deha-nāśo’pi prātītika evaindra-jālikasyeva bodhyaḥ | nityasya nāśāsambhavāt | vedasyāpi nityatvāt tau neti pratipādayiṣyate ||6||

jagataḥ sapratīkatvāt kāryatvaṁ sarva-sammatam ||7||

evam āstikān prati śruty-ādi-pramāṇeneśvara-vedau nityau darśitau | atha vedāvamantṝn nāstikān pratyanumāna-pramāṇena tau tathā darśyete | tatra jagat-kartṛtayeśvaro’numeyaḥ | tad-arthaṁ jagataḥ kāryatvaṁ tāvad āha—jagata iti | sa-pratīkatvāt sāvayavatvāt | aṅgaṁ pratīko’vayavaḥ ity amaraḥ (2.6.70) |

tad ayaṁ prayogaḥ—idaṁ jagat kāryaṁ, sāvayavatvāt, ghaṭavat | yan na sāvayavaṁ na tat kāryaṁ paramāṇuvad viyadvad veti sarveṣāṁ bauddhādīnāṁ tārkikāṇāṁ cābhimatam | etena na kadācid anīdṛśaṁ jagad iti tan-nityatva-vādināṁ karma-jaḍānāṁ matam apāstam | te hy evam anuminvanti—idaṁ jagat na kāryaṁ manasāpy avibhāvyamāna-racanatvāt | na khalu bhū-dhara-sāgarādikaṁ dig-ākāśādikaṁ ca kenacit sumedhasā śakyaṁ manasāpi racayitum  | ato’nādi-siddhaṁ nityam etat | yaḥ kalpaḥ sa kalpa-pūrva iti yukteś cānāditvam asya | īdṛśam api jagat satya-saṅkalpeneśvareṇa sukaram iti tat-parihāro vyaktībhāvī ||7||

saṅghātaḥ paramāṇūnāṁ nāstikair yaḥ prakalpyate |
sa tu sthirasya saṁhantur asvīkārān na sidhyati ||8||

jagad-rūpe kārye matāntarāṇi nirākaroti—saṅghāta iti | pārthivādayaś caturvidhāḥ paramāṇavaḥ pṛthivy-ādi-bhāvena yugapat saṅghātaṁ bhajanta iti bhāva-kṣaṇikatva-vādino bauddhāḥ | pṛthivy-ādi-saṅghāta-hetavaḥ paramāṇavo na caturvidhāḥ, kiṁ tv eka-svabhāvā eva | pariṇāmāt tu pṛthivy-ādi-rūpo viśeṣa ity ārhatā syād-vādinaḥ prāhuḥ | taiḥ kalpito’yaṁ saṅghāto na sambhavati sthirasya saṁhantuś cetanasya tair asvīkṛtatvād iti sūtra-bhāṣye’sya vistaraḥ ||8||

pradhānasya na kartṛtvaṁ jaḍatvād eva sāmpratam ||9||

vibhu-puruṣa-cchāyayā sa-cetanaṁ pradhānaṁ jagat-kartṛ syād iti sāṅkhyā manyyateyate, tān nirasyati—pradhānasyeti | tad ayaṁ prayogaḥ—pradhānaṁ na jagat-kartṛ, jaḍatvāt, kāṣṭhādivat | jñānecchā-prayatnavataḥ kulālāder ghaṭādi-kartṛtvaṁ loke dṛṣṭam | kāṣṭhādi-tulye pradhāne jñānādy-abhāvān na tasya jagat-kartṛtvam | puruṣa-cchāyayā labdha-caitanyaṁ tac cet tat-kartṛ svīkriyate, tarhi puruṣasyaiva tattvam | na khalu taptāyaso dagdhṛtvam ayo-nimittam api tu vahni-nimittam eveti ||9||

īdṛśasya na kartā syāj jīvaḥ śakter adarśanāt ||10||

adṛṣṭa-dvārā jīvo jagat-karteti kecid āhus tān nirasyati—īdṛśasyeti | anekair mahīdharaiḥ sāgaraiś cātyadbhutair upetasya caturdaśa-bhuvanātmakasyānanta-kartṛ-bhoktṛ-yuktasyāsaṅkhyeyabhogya-bhoga-sthāna-ramyasyātarkya-racanasya jagata ity arthaḥ |

tad ayaṁ prayogaḥ—jīvo’smad-ādir na jagat-kartā, tādṛśa-tan-nirmāṇe tasya śakty-abhāvāt | vyatireke īśvaravat | na cādṛṣṭaṁ tasya śaktiḥ | īdṛśasyādṛṣṭasyānupārjanāt | na ca sarvādṛṣṭaṁ tatra dvāram | sarvaiḥ sambhūya tādṛg adṛṣṭam upārjitam ity arthe śruty-ādi-pramāṇābhāvād iti tuccham etat ||10||

ato jñānādibhir dharmair viśiṣṭas tribhir īśvaraḥ |
etasya jagataḥ kartā sa nityaḥ sad-akāraṇaḥ ||11||

tarhi ko’sya jagataḥ karteti cet, tatrāha—ata iti | paramāṇuṣu saṅghāta-kartṛtāyāḥ pradhāne pariṇāma-kartṛtāyāś cāsambhavāj jīve jagan-nirmāṇa-śakter adarśanāc cety arthaḥ | īśvara eva jagat-kartā bhavadbhir anumātavyo gale nipatita iti bhāvaḥ |

tad ayaṁ prayogaḥ—idaṁ jagat sa-kartṛkaṁ, sāvayavatvāt, ghaṭādivat | yan naivaṁ tan naivam | yathā paramāṇur yathā cākāśam iti | tat-kartā ceśvara eva tasyaiva sarvajñasya satyecchasya dvy-aṇuka-mahīdhara-sāgarādi-jagan-nirmāṇe śaktatvāt |

nanv anenānumānena tat-kartā siddho, na tu tat-kartṛtva-nirvāhakaṁ jñānecchādīti cet tad api tenaiva dharmi-grāhakeṇa sidhyatīty āha—jñānādibhis tribhir viśiṣṭa iti | tenānumānena jagat-kartṛtattv siddhyan dharmīśvaraḥ sva-kartṛtva-nirvāhakaṁ jñānecchā-prayatna-lakṣaṇaṁ dharma-trayam ādāyaiva sidhyati, loke tadvataḥ kartṛtva-darśanād ity arthaḥ |

nanv astv īśvaro jagat-kartā kintv anityaḥ saḥ | jagat-kartṛtvāc caturmukhavad iti cet tatrāha—sa iti | hetu-garbhaṁ viśeṣaṇam | tad ayaṁ prayogaḥ — īśvaro nityaḥ sattve saty akāraṇakatvāt | īśvaro nityaḥ, asāntatve saty akāraṇakatvād ākāśavat | vyatireke
yan naivaṁ tan naivaṁ yathā ghaṭa-prāg-abhāvo yathā ca ghaṭaḥ | ghaṭa-prāg-abhāvasyākāraṇatve’py asattvāt | ghaṭasya sattve’pi sakāraṇakatvān na nityatvam | adhikaṁ tu sa eva mūlam ity atra vakṣyate (1.19) | eteneśvaraḥ kṣaṇikaḥ sattvād yat sat tat kṣaṇikaṁ yathā megha ity anumānaṁ nirastam | na ca sattvād iti sad-dhetuḥ, vyāpyatvāsiddhatvāt | tattvaṁ ca vyāpti-grāhaka-pramāṇābhāvāt | na ca sattvasya hetoḥ kṣaṇikatvena saha vyāptau pramāṇaṁ niścitaṁ, sataḥ śailādeḥ kṣaṇikatvādarśanāt | evam etad vede’pi nirastaṁ veditavyam ||11||

nirdoṣeśvara-vākyatvād vedaḥ prāmāṇyam aśnute ||12||

evaṁ jñānādi-guṇakam īśvaraṁ nityam āpādya tad-vākyatvād vedasya prāmāṇyaṁ grāhayati—nirdoṣeti | bhramaḥ pramādo vipralipsā karaṇāpāṭavaṁ ceti vaktṛ-doṣā bhavanti | tad-rahiteneśvareṇa vaktrā prayukte veda-vākye doṣavat-puruṣāpraṇītatvena prāmāṇyasya sahacārāt | tenaiva hetunā tasmin prāmāṇyaṁ siddham | doṣavat puruṣa-praṇītaṁ tu vākyam apramāṇaṁ, yathā kāpilādi-tantram | ayam arthaḥ—chandāṁsi jajñire tasmād (Ṛg Veda,10.90.09) ity-ādi-śruter īśvara-janyatvena yadyapi vedasyānityatvam asandehaṁ, tathāpi nirdoṣa-sarvajña-kṛtatvāt tasya prāmāṇyam abādham, yathārtha-jñāna-karaṇatvāt | kapilādes tu jīvatvena bhramādi-doṣa-sambhavāt tad-vākyam apramāṇam iti |

nanv ṛṣabhasya buddhasya ceśvaratvāt tad-vākyaṁ pramāṇaṁ syāt, maivam | tasya tasya cānumiteśvaratayānaṅgīkārāt | īśvaraḥ khalu nityaḥ sarvajñādi-nitya-guṇako’numitaḥ, syād-vāde kṣaṇika-vijñāna-vāde ca kūṭastho bhāvo nāstīti na tayos tādṛg īśvaratvam, atas tad-vākyam apramāṇam |

kiṁ ca, na khalv arhat-siddhānta ṛṣabhenopadiṣṭo na cārhatāpi sa dṛṣṭaḥ | kintu māyāmayīṁ tac-ceṣṭāṁ lokebhyaḥ śrutvā dur-adṛṣṭa-bhāk sa tāṁ dadhāra, janān dur-adṛṣṭān dharmād bhraṁśayāmāsa | sa ceśvaraḥ karmānusāri-phalam arpayan na viṣama iti bhāṣya-pīṭhake (1.66) nirūpitam | buddhaś cāsurān yajñād bhraṁśayitum  ahiṁsā-vyapadeśena tathopadideśa, na tu tasminn upadeśe tasya tātparya-gandho’pīti tattva-vidaḥ | tathā ca tad-vyāmoha-phalakāptatvāvaraṇa-pūrvakatvāt tad-upadeśasya na prāmāṇyam iti ||12||

dharmi-grāhaka-mānena jñānecchā-kṛtayo yathā |
bhaveyur īśvare siddhās tathā dehendriyāsavaḥ ||13||

evaṁ nāstikān prati nityo nitya-jñānādi-guṇaka īśvaro jagat-kartṛtayā sādhitaḥ | vedasya ca sarvajñeśvara-praṇītatvāt prāmāṇyaṁ sādhitaṁ tārkika-mukhena | tatreśvarasya sa-vigrahatvaṁ vedasya nityatvaṁ ca na siddham | tad idaṁ dvayaṁ sātvataika-deśi-matena sādhayitum āha—dharmīti | yathā loke jñānecchā-kṛtimataḥ kartṛtva-darśanāt kartṛtayānumite īśvare kartṛtva-nirvāhakaṁ jñānādi dharmi-grāhakeṇa tenaivānumānena sādhyate | tathā loke dehādi-mataḥ kartṛtva-darśanāt kartṛtva-nirvāhi dehādikam api sādhanīyam ity arthaḥ | kartṛtvasya dehādi-vyāpyatvāt |

nanu kulālādīnāṁ ceṣṭāṁ vinā kṛti-mātreṇa ghaṭādi-karaṇe’sāmarthyāc ceṣṭāśraya-dehādi bhavati sahakāri | īśvarasya tu kṛti-mātreṇa sarva-karaṇe sāmarthyān na dehāder apekṣeti cet, maivam etat kartṛtva-nirvāhe jñānādimattvasyeva dehādimattvasyāpy anvaya-vyatirekābhyāṁ siddheḥ | yatra kulālādiṣu kartṛtvaṁ, tatra dehādimattvaṁ dṛṣṭam | yatra muktātmasu dehādimattvābhāvas tatra na kartṛtvam iti | na ca sāvayavatvena tad-dehasyāpy anityatvaṁ tasyākarma-janyatvenānityatvābhāvāt | itarathā jñānasyāpy anityatva-niyamena taj-jñānasyānityatvaṁ syāt |

nanu ceṣṭāṁ vināpi prayatna-mātreṇaiva kārya-karaṇe sāmarthyān neśvarasya ceṣṭāśraya-dehādi-svīkāryam iti cen, na, vināpīcchā-prayatnau jñāna-mātreṇaiva tasmin sāmarthyān na tad-icchādikam api svīkāryam ity api suvacatvāt |

nanu dehasya paricchinnatva-niyamena yugapan nikhila-deśa-gata-kāryānupapattir iti cen, naitat caturasram | nityasya tad-dehasyācintya-śaktyā sarvatra yugapat sānnidhyāt | jātivat | yathā gotvādi-jātiḥ prativyakti-paryāptāpi sarvāsu vyaktiṣv ekā, tathā pratikārya-paryāpto’pi tad-dehaḥ sarvatraika eveti na kiñcic chinnam | yat tu mahattvād udbhūta-rūpatvāc ca tad-dehasya pratyakṣatāpattir ity ucyate tac cāpāta-ramyaṁ devādi-dehavad antardhāna-śakti-yogena tasyāpy apratyakṣatvāt | etena kāryasya dehādimat kartṛ-pūrvakatva-niyamo’ṅkurādiṣu dehādimataḥ kartur anupalambhān nirasta iti pratyuktam | yat tu jīvādṛṣṭa-sampādita-dehādikam īśvaro bhūtāveśa-nyāyenāviśya kṛta-kāryas tad-āveśaṁ tyajati na tu tasmin svābhāvikaṁ dehādy asti jñānādi-trayātirikta-viśeṣa-dharmābhāvād ity āhus tad idaṁ kubuddhi-vijṛmbhitam eva | īdṛśa-kalpanāyāṁ pramāṇābhāvān nitya-dehatve pramāṇa-sattvāc ca | tasmād īśvare jñānādivad dehādikam api dharmi-grāhakeṇaiva pramāṇena siddham ||13||

yathā jñānādikaṁ nityam īśvarasya prakīrtyate |
tasya niśvasitaṇ vedas tathā nityaḥ prakīrtyatām ||14||

nanu prakṛte kim āgatam ? tatrāha—yatheti | yatheśvare kartṛtā-nirvāhakaṁ jñānādi-trayaṁ dharmi-grāhaka-mānena tārkikeṇa svīkṛtam, nāstikān prati yuktikaśayā tat svīkāritaṁ, tathāsmābhis tārkikādīn prati tayaiva tan-nirvāhakaṁ dehādi svīkāritam | yatheśvarasya jñānādikam aiśvaratvān nityaṁ, tathā tan-niśvasita-rūpo vedo’py aiśvaratvād eva nitya ity anicchadbhir api taiḥ svīkāryam | etena cchandāṁsi jajñire tasmād iti janyatva-śravaṇāt vedasyāpy anityatvaṁ yan manyante, tan nirastam | janeḥ prādurbhāvārthakatvena vivakṣita-vyāghātāt | yac ca, trayo vedasya kartāro muni-bhaṇḍa-niśācarā iti saugatair vedasya muny-ādi-racitatvam uktaṁ, tad api praty uktam | te hi pāpa-vāsanābhyuditād vidveṣāt tathā kalpayanti | yat tu niśvasitasya vāyu-rūpatvāt tasyākṣara-rāśi-rūpatvam asambhavīty āhus tad apīṣad dhiṣaṇam | avicintyatvena tat-sambhavāt | na hy asmat-prāṇavat tat-prāṇo vāyu-rūpaḥ, kintv aiśvaratvāt tad-vilakṣaṇa eveti kim anupapannam | api ca jalādeḥ kathañcid agny-ādi-rūpatvaṁ syād-vāde vijñānasya ghaṭādy-arthākāratvaṁ vijñāna-vāde bahutva-saṅkhyāyāḥ kārya-sthaulyārambhakatvam ārambha-vāde bruvantas te trayas tan-niśvasitasyātarkyasyākṣara-rāśi-rūpatvaṁ vaktuṁ kathaṁ trapante ||14||

vedasyāpauruṣeyatvam evaṁ kecit pracakṣate |
vedasyādhyayanaṁ sarvaṁ gurv-adhyayana-pūrvakam |
vedādhyayana-sāmānyād adhunādhyayanaṁ yathā ||15||

atha vaidikaika-deśi-matena vedasyāpauruṣeyatvaṁ tāvad āha—nanu vedaḥ pauruṣeyaḥ, śāstratvāt smṛti-śāstravat, kāṭhakādi-saṁjñātaś ceti cet, tatrāha—vedasyeti | kecid iti asmad-ukta-lakṣaṇaṁ vedam asvīkurvantaḥ karma-jaḍā ity arthaḥ | apauruṣeyatve teṣām anumānaṁ darśayati—vedasyeti | vedādhyayanaṁ sāmānyaṁ pakṣaṁ kṛtvā gurv-adhyayana-pūrvakatve sādhite pariśiṣṭam apauruṣeyatvaṁ sidhyed eveti  bhāvaḥ ||15||

tṛtīya-kṣaṇa-vidhvaṁso yaḥ śabdasyocyate paraiḥ |
sa tu bhramaḥ syān nityasya tirobhāvas tu yujyate ||16||

vedānityatva-vādinas tārkikāṁs tan-mukhena nirākaroti | nanu vedo nityo na, śabda-rāśitvāt | śabdasya cotpannaḥ kho vinaṣṭaḥ ka iti buddher anityatvam asandeham iti cet, tatrāha—tṛtīyeti | śabdasya tṛtīya-kṣaṇa-dhvaṁsa-pratiyogitvaṁ yat tad buddhy-udayāt tārkikair ucyate, sa khalu bhrama eva | tathā bruvantas te bhrāntā ity arthaḥ | vastutas tu nityasya tasya tirobhāva eva yukta ity āha—nityasyeti | tad ayaṁ prayogaḥ—śabdo nityaḥ, nityākāśa-guṇatvād ākāśa-niṣṭha-mahā-parimāṇavat | vyatireke ghaṭādi-niṣṭha-hrasvatvādivat | anityatve śabda-guṇam ākāśam iti lakṣaṇāsiddhiḥ | vāyu-preraṇāpreraṇābhyām śabdasya vyakty-avyaktī syātāṁ na tu svarūpa-vināśātmā dhvaṁsaḥ | na hi ghaṭe gṛhāntar-nihite tasya dhvaṁsaḥ śakyate vaktum | vyakty-avyaktī āvirbhāva-tirobhāvau | evaṁ ca śabda-mātrasya nityatvaṁ siddham ity ākāśe nityatvāśrayaṇe tārkika-matenānumānam etat | tad anityatva-vāde tv āpekṣikaṁ tad amṛtā devā itivat ||16||

īśvaro vibhur vijñāna-sukhātmā śrutibhir mataḥ |
vijñāna-ghana-śabdāder mūrtaḥ sa tu tathāvidhaḥ ||17||

evaṁ tārkika-yuktyā nāstikān pratīśvara-vedau jagat-kartṛ-pramāṇa-bhūtau nirūpya sātvataika-deśi-yuktyā ca tārkikān prati tau sa-vigraha-nityau pradarśya teṣu cārjavaṁ gateṣu tayor yāthātmyaṁ śruti-nayena svayaṁ vaktuṁ pravartate—īśvara ity ādibhiḥ | vibhu-vijñānānanda-rūpo ya ātmā sa eveśvaro, na tu vidyopādhiḥ sattva-tanuḥ | vijñānam ānandaṁ brahma, (Bṛhad-āraṇyakopaniṣad, 3.9.28) mahāntaṁ vibhum ātmānam (Kaṭhopaniṣad 1.2.4) ity-ādi-śrutibhyaḥ |

sa ca tathā-bhūto mūrta evety āha—vijñāneti | vijñāna-ghanānanda-ghanety-ādi-śruter evety arthaḥ | mūrto ghana iti bhagavān pāṇiniḥ | kaṭhinye’rthe hanter ap ghanaś cādeśa (Aṣṭādhyāyī 3.3.77) iti sūtrārthaḥ | anyathā śrutir vyākupyet | tasya mūrtatvaṁ tv acintya-śakti-siddham | acintya-śaktiḥ puruṣaḥ purāṇa ity ādi śruteḥ ||17||

viśeṣād dehi-bhāvena guṇitvena ca sa prabhuḥ |
sattāstīty-ādivad bhāti viduṣām api sarvadā ||18||

sa nirbhinna eveśvaro viśeṣa-balād deha-dehi-bhāvena guṇa-guṇi-bhāvena ca viduṣām api bhāsate | sattā satī kālaḥ sarvadāstīty ādau sattādeḥ sattādy-āśrayatvavat | na ca sattā satīty-ādi-buddhir bhramaḥ | sat ghaṭa ity-ādivad abādhāt | na cāropaḥ | siṁho devadatto netivat sattā satī neti kadāpy avyavahārāt | na ca sattādeḥ sattādy-antarābhāve’pi svabhāvād eva satīty-ādi-vyavahāraḥ | tasyaiveha tac-chabdenokteḥ | tasmān nirbhede’pi vastuni bheda-vyavahāro viśeṣād eva | viśeṣaś ca bheda-pratinidhir na bhedaḥ | sa cārthāpatti-siddho’vaśyam abhyupeyaḥ | taṁ vinā viśeṣaṇa-viśeṣya-bhāvādikaṁ na sambhavet | sa ca vastv-abhinnaḥ, sva-nirvāhakaś ceti nānavasthā | tasya tādṛśatvaṁ ca dharmi-grāhaka-pramāṇa-siddhaṁ jagat-kartur iva sārvajñādīty-adhikaṁ tu bhāṣya-pīṭhaka (1.15-22)-syamantakeṣu (2.23) vilokanīyam ||18||

sa mūlaṁ kila sarvasya na mūlaṁ tasya vidyate ||19||

nanu jagan-mūlatattv kīrtyamānasyāpi viriñcāder nārāyaṇa-mūlakatva-kīrtanān nārāyaṇasyāpi kiñcin mūlaṁ bhāvīti cet, tatrāha—sa mūlam iti | sa pareśo nārāyaṇaḥ sarvasya kāryasya mūlam | mūlaṁ viṣṇur hi devānām (Bhāg. 10.4.39) ity ādi-vacanebhyaḥ | na hi tasya mūlam asti, mūle mūlādarśanāt | evam evāha kapilo mūla-prakṛtiṁ nirūpayan—mūle mūlābhāvād amūlaṁ mūlam (sāṁkhya-sūtre 1.67) iti | sarveṣāṁ vādināṁ khalu mūla-kāraṇaṁ kiñcid abhyupeyam | anyathānavasthāpattir durvārā viriñcāder mūlatvaṁ tu bhrāntānuvāda-rūpam ato na teṣāṁ tattvam | yat tvayā mūlaṁ vaktavyaṁ tad asmākaṁ nārāyaṇa iti ||19||

acintya-śakti-sambandhād veda-rūpo vibhāty asau ||20||

evaṁ dharmiṇam īśvaraṁ nityam āpādya vedaṁ nityam āpādayati—acintyeti | asau caturbhuja-devākāro nārāyaṇo yathācintya-śaktyā tad-vilakṣaṇo haṁsādis tathā niḥśvasitāṁśenāviṣkṛtākṣara-rāśir anādito vibhātīti nityatvaṁ vedasya siddham | evam evoktaṁ śrutau—etad vai satyakāmety ādinā (Praśnopaniṣad  5.2) | tathaiva ṣaṣṭhe—vedo nārāyaṇaḥ sākṣāt svayambhūr iti śuśruma (Bhāg. 6.1.40) iti ||20||

yad asau vācako’bhyeti krameṇaikena sarvadā |
āvirbhāva-matas tasya budhā nityatvam ūcire ||21||

nārāyaṇa-rūpatvān nityatvaṁ vedasya śabdād āpāditam | athānumānenāpi tad āha—yad iti | asau vācako vedo yena krameṇa yathā-svara-varṇa-ghaṭitayānupūrvyā pūrva-kalpe īśvarād āvirbabhūva | tenaiva krameṇa para-kalpe’py āvirbhavaty atas tasya nityatvaṁ budhāḥ svāyambhuvādaya ūcire | tad ayaṁ prayogaḥ—vedo nityaḥ | ekānupūrvikatattv pratikalpam āvirbhāvāt | yathaika-svabhāvatattv punaḥ punar āvirbhavan matsya-kūrmādir īśvarāvatāraḥ | yan naivaṁ, tan naivaṁ, yathā muhur muhur utpadyamāno’smad-ādir jīva-deha iti ||21||

syān nityākṛti-vācitvāt kartr-abhāvāc ca nityatā |
kāṭhakādi-samākhyā tu tad-uccāraṇa-hetukā ||22||

anumānāntaram āha—syād iti | vedo nitya indrādy-arthākṛti-vācitvāt | gotvādi-vāci-gavādi-śabdavat | yan naivaṁ, tan naivaṁ, yathā yajñadattādi-śabdaḥ | yathā gotvādi-jātayo nityās tathendrādy-arthākṛtayaś ca | viśvakarma-nirmita-śāstre etā ākṛtayaḥ prasiddhāḥ | citra-karma-prasiddhaye indraṁ vajra-hastaṁ varuṇaṁ pāśa-hastaṁ yamaṁ daṇḍa-hastaṁ  likhanti | indrādi-vyakty-utpatteḥ pūrvaṁ sthitāyāḥ smṛtvā viriñcis tat-tad-vyaktīḥ sṛṣṭavān, ato nityās tāḥ |

aparam anumānam āha—vedo nityaḥ, kartṛ-śūnyatvāt kālavat | yan naivaṁ, tan naivaṁ, yathādhunika-kāvyādiḥ | śabdānityatva-pakṣe niyatānupūrvābhāvād yajñadattādi-śabdānām ādhunika-kāvyādīnāṁ cānityatvaṁ bodhyam |

nanu nityaś ced vedaḥ kartṛ-śunyatvāt tarhi kāṭhakādi-saṁjñā tasya katham ? kaṭhena proktaṁ kāṭhakam ity ādi tad-vyutpatter iti cet, tatrāha—kāṭhakādīti kaṭhena proktam uccāritaṁ, na tu racitam | nityatva-śravaṇa-vyākopād iti kaṭhādīnāṁ yad uccāraṇaṁ tad dhetukety arthaḥ |

etad uktam bhavati—mahā-pralayāvasāne sarveśvareṇākṛti-vidā sṛṣṭo’dhyāpita-vedaś ca brahmā vaidikaiḥ kaṭhādi-śabdais tu tat-tad-ākṛtīr vicintya tat-tad-vyaktīs tat-tac-chakti-yuktā nirmāya tad-upādhīñ jīvān tat-tad-grantha-pravartane viniyuṅkte | te’pi tat-tad-datta-jñāna-śaktayaḥ pūrva-pūrva-kaṭhādi-pravartitāṁs tān svarato varṇataś cāskhalitān adhītya pravartayantīti nityatvaṁ vedasya siddham | evam āha śrutiḥ—yo brahmāṇaṁ vidadhāti pūrvaṁ yo hi vedāṁś ca prahiṇoti tasmai iti (Śvetāśvataropaniṣad 6.18)| smṛtiś ca—

yathartāv ṛtu-liṅgāni nānā-rūpāṇi paryaye |
dṛśyante tāni tāny eva tathā-bhāvā yugādiṣu |
yugānte’ntarhitān vedān setihāsān maharṣayaḥ |
lebhire tapasā pūrvam anujñātāḥ svayambhuvā || ity ādyā | (Mahābhārata, Ādi-parva, 1.37/ Śānti-parva, 203.17)

evaṁ purāṇeṣu mārkaṇḍeyādi-saṁjñāś ca bodhyāḥ ||22||

jīva-vākyeṣu labhyante jīva-dharmā bhramādayaḥ |
vede tu naiva te santi sarvajña-vacanoccaye ||23||

vedasya nirdoṣatvaṁ vaktum āha – jīveti | bhramaḥ pramādo vipralipsā karaṇāpāṭavaṁ ceti catvāro jīveṣu doṣāḥ | tatrātasmiṁs tad-buddhir bhramaḥ | anavadhānatā pramādaḥ | svapratīta-viparīta-pratyāyanaṁ vipralipsā | indriya-māndyaṁ karaṇāpāṭavam | jīvāḥ khalu śuktikādiṣu rajatādīni pratiyanti | svāntike jāyamānaṁ gānam anyatra nihita-manaso na śṛṇvanti | jñāna-khalāḥ svāvagatān apy arthān śiṣyeṣu na prakāśayanti | nihita-manaso’pi karaṇa-māndyād yathāvad vastūni na gṛhṇantīti prasiddham | ta ete doṣās tad-vākyeṣu saṁkramante | ataḥ kapilādi-siddhāntānāṁ parasparaṁ vyāhatir dṛṣṭā | na tv ete doṣā vede santi tasya bhagavad-rūpatvena sarva-jñatvāt || 23 ||

sādhanaṁ yat phalaṁ cāha yathāyaṁ yad viśāradaḥ |
tathaiva sarvair nipuṇair yathoktaṁ tat pralabhyate ||24||

nirdoṣatve hetum āha—sādhanam iti | ayaṁ viśāradaḥ sarvajño vedaḥ | yat sādhanaṁ kārīryādi yathāha tasya phalaṁ ca vṛṣṭy-ādi yadāha tat tathaiva sarvair nipuṇair yathoktaṁ pralabhyate’nubhūyate | kārīryā vṛṣṭiḥ putreṣṭyā putraḥ | jyotiṣṭomena svargaḥ | jñānena mokṣaś cocyate vedena, tat sarvaṁ yathāvad dṛṣṭa-mato bhramādi-doṣa-śūnyo vedaḥ ||24||

ato brahmādibhir devair vaśiṣṭhādyair maharṣibhiḥ |
manvādyaiś cāpi vedo’yaṁ sarvārtheṣūpajīvyate ||25||

nipuṇāḥ sarve te ke ity apekṣāyām āha—ata iti | yasmān nityo nirdoṣo vedaḥ, ato brahmādibhir mahattamaiḥ sarvaiḥ sarveṣu dharmārtha-kāma-mokṣeṣu phaleṣu nimitteṣv eva veda upajīvyate āśrīyate, tad uktāny anuṣṭhāya tat-phalāny avāpyanta ity arthaḥ ||25||

brahmādyair arcito’py eṣa yadi kaiścin narādhamaiḥ |
ghūkair iva ravir nābhivīkṣyate tasya kā kṣatiḥ ||26||

nanu yad īdṛśo vedas tarhy arhadādayaḥ kathaṁ tam avamanyante ? tatrāha—brahmādyair iti | tair mahattamair idānīntanaiś ca mahadbhiḥ sarvair arcitaḥ samāśrito’py eṣa vedo yadi saugatādibhiḥ kaiścin manuṣyāpasadair ulūkair bhānur iva nābhivīkṣyate nāṅgīkriyata ity arthaḥ | tarhi asya kāpūjyatā-lakṣaṇā kṣatiḥ syāt ? na kāpīti | yathā deva-mānavādibhiḥ sarvaiḥ sat-kriyamāṇaḥ sūryas taru-koṭareṣu nihnuvānair ghūkair na vīkṣyate, naitāvatā tasya prabhāva-hānis tadvat | tathā ca pāmarāṇāṁ kā katheti ||26||

arhat-prabhṛtayaḥ śāstre svakīye yat phalaṁ jaguḥ |
tan naiva labhyate kvāpi tatas tat kalpitaṁ bhavet ||27||

|| iti siddhānta-darpaṇe nāstika-nirāsaḥ prathamā prabhā ||

arhad-ādi-śāstrasya kalpitatvāt tad-ukta-sādhanāt sādhyaṁ nāstīty āha—arhad iti | te hy evaṁ kalpayanti | ātma-dharmādharma-pudgala-kālākāśāḥ ṣaṭ-padārthās teṣāṁ syād-astīty-ādi-rūpeṇa sapta-bhaṅginā nyāyenāsthairya-bhāvanam | ghāty-aghāti-śabda-vācyena pāpa-puṇya-rūpeṇa karmāṣṭakena veṣṭitasya jīvasya samyag-darśana-jñāna-cāritraiḥ sādhanair āvṛtais tad-aṣṭakāt pañjarāt kīrasyeva vinirgatasya tasyālokākāśa-vartinyām ativistīrṇāyāṁ śilāyām āroho muktir iti | na caitat kenāpi kutrāpi pratītaṁ mālatī-mādhavādi-nāṭakārthavat prakalpanay  nibaddhatvāt | na caitan-mata-sthānāṁ kiñcin mokṣa-cihnaṁ—pratyakṣa-nārakitvenāvagatatvāt | evaṁ bauddhānāṁ ca bhāva-kṣaṇika-vādināṁ na kāpy āstheti | kā kathā teṣām iti nāstikā nirākṛtāḥ ||27||

|| iti prathamā prabhā vyākhyātā ||

  1.   (ga) siddhiṁ karoti ca.prathamā prabhā
  2.   These verses were quoted by Jīva Gosvāmī in his Tattva-sandarbha, 14.1. A similar passage appears in the Viṣṇu Purāṇa from verse 3.4.11, in the Kurma Purāṇa from verse 1.5.15, and in the Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa from verse 1.34.16.
  3.   (ga) iti smṛtyā ca vācya-vācakasya nityatvaṁ prakīrtyate ity arthaḥ |
  4.  (gha),(ṅa) sa tu kāraṇam.
  5.   prāṇi-karmānurūpa-phala-prado bhagavān nāyaṁ deho deha-bhājām ity ādi-diśokty-upadiṣṭa-niṣṭhān śiṣyān prati parataḥ mūrtitvenāvagataḥ prayacchati tebhyas tad-abhīṣṭāni ity ādi ||
  6.   (ga) nirvāhanīyam ity arthaḥ |
  7.   ātma-janyā bhaved icchā icchā-janā bhavet kṛtiḥ |
    kṛti-janyā bhavec ceṣṭā taj-janyaiva kriyā bhavet || [vai.vi. 5.1.1]
  8.   trayo vedasya kartāro bhaṇḍa-dhūrta-niśācarāḥ iti sarva-darśana-saṅgrahe cārvāka-darśanam ||
  9.   śloka-vārtikasya vacanam idam.
  10.   mīmāṁsā-nyāya-prakāśa-ṭīkāyāṁ—atra sarva-śabdena nikhila-śākhā-sambandhi vedādhyayanaṁ gṛhyate, na tu nikhila-kāla-vṛtti, ataś ca atīta-kāla-vṛtti nikhila-śākhādhyayanasya pakṣatvaṁ bodhyam | evaṁ gurv-adhyayna-pūrvakatvaṁ sādhyaṁ, vedādhyayantvaṁ hetuḥ, ādhunikādhyayanasya dṛṣṭāntateti vivekaḥ ||
  11.   This verse is quoted by Jīva Gosvāmī in his Paramātmā Sandarbha, Anuccheda 58, as belonging to the Śvetāśvatara Upaniṣad.
  12.  anupapadyamānārtha-darśanenopapādakārthāntara-kalpanam arthāpattiḥ ||

Durgā stuti (durgA stuti) (from the Mahabharata)

(From the 7th adhyaya(adhyaya) of the pāṇḍava-praveśa-parva(pANDava-pravesha-parva) of the virāṭa-parva(virATa-parva))

 

Devanagari script

 

वैशम्पायन उवाच

विराटनगरं रम्यं गच्छमानो युधिष्ठिरः।
अस्तुवन्मनसा देवीं दुर्गां त्रिभुवनेश्वरीं॥१॥।
यशोदार्भसंभतां नारायणवरप्रियाम्
नन्दगोकुले जतां मङ्गल्यां कुलवर्धिनीम्॥२॥
कंसविद्रावणकरीमसुराणां क्षयंकरीं।
शीलातटविनिक्षिप्तामाकाशं प्रति गामिनीम्॥३॥
वासुदेवस्य भगिनीं दिव्यमाय्लविभुशितां।
दिव्याम्बरधरां देवीं ख्गखेटकधारिणीम्॥४॥
भारावतरणे पुण्ये ये स्मरन्ति सदा शिवां।
तान्वै तारयते पापात्पङ्के गामिव दुर्वलाम्॥।५॥
स्तोतुं प्रचक्रमे भूयो विविधैः स्तोत्रसंभवैः।
आम्त्र्य दर्शनाकाङ्क्षी राजा देवीं सहानुः॥६॥
नमोस्तु वरदे कृष्णे कुमारि ब्रह्मारिणि
बालार्कसद्र्शाकारे पूर्णचन्द्रनिभानने॥७॥
चतुर्भुजे चतुर्वक्त्रे पनश्रोणिपयोधरे।
मयूरपिच्छवलये केयूराङ्गदधारिणि॥८॥
भासि देवि यथा पद्मा नारायणप्ररिग्रहः।
स्वरुपं ब्रह्मचर्यं च विशदं तव खेचरि॥९॥
कृष्णच्छविसमा कृष्णा संकर्षणसमानना।
बिभ्रती िपुलौ बाहू शक्रध्वजसमच्छ्रयौ॥१०॥
पात्री च पङ्कजी घण्टी स्त्री बिशुद्धा च या भुवि।
पाशं धनुर्महाचक्रं वििधान्यायुधानि च॥११॥
किण्डलाभ्यां सुपूर्णाभ्यां कर्णाभ्यां च विभुशिता।
चन्द्रविस्पर्धिना देवि मुखेन त्वं विराजसे॥१२॥
मुकुटेन विित्रेण केशबन्धेन शोभिना।
भुजङ्गभोगवासेन श्रिणसुत्रेण राजता॥१३॥
विभ्राजसे चबद्धेन भोगेनेवेह मन्दरः।
ध्वजेन शिखिपिच्छानामुच्छ्रितेन विराजसे॥१४॥
कौमारं व्रतमास्थय त्रिदिवं पावितं त्वया।
तेन त्वं स्तूयसे देवी त्रिदशैः पूज्यसेऽपि च॥१५॥
त्रैलोक्यरक्णार्थाय महिषासुरनाशिनि।
प्रसन्ना मे सुर्रेष्े दयां कुरु शिवा भव॥१६॥
जया त्वं विजया चैव संग्रामे च जयप्रदा
ममापि विजयं देहि वरदा त्वं च सांप्रतम्॥१७॥
विन्ध्ये चैव नगश्रेष्े तव स्थानं हि शाश्वतम्
कालि कालि महाकालि ीधुमांसपशुप्रिये॥१८॥
कृतानुयात्रा भूतैस्त्वं वरदा कामचारिणी।
भारावतारे ये च त्वां संस्मरि्यन्ति मानवाः॥१९॥
प्रणमन्ति च ये त्वां हि प्रभाते तु नरा भुवि।
 तेां दुर्लभं किंचित्पुत्रतो धनतोपि ा॥२०॥
दुर्गात्तारयसे दुर्गे तत्त्वं ुर्गा स्मृता जनैः
कान्तारेष्ववसन्नानां मग्नानाम् च महार्णवे।
दस्युभिर्वा निरुद्धानां त्वं गतिः परमा नृणाम्॥२१॥
जलप्रतरणे चैव कान्तारेष्वटवीषु च।
ये स्मरन्ति महादेवि न च सीदन्ति ते नराः॥२२॥
त्वं कीर्तिः श्रीर्धृतिः सिद्धिर्ह्रीर्विद्या संततिर्मतिः।
संध्या रात्रिः प्रभा निद्रा ज्योत्स्ना कान्तिः क्षमा दया
नृणां च बन्धनं मोहं पुत्रनाशं धनक्यम्
व्याधिं मृत्युं भयं चैव पूजिता नाशयिष्यसि॥२४॥
सोहं राज्यात्परिभ्रष्टः रणं त्वां प्रपन्नवान्।
प्रणतश्च यथा मूर्ध्ना तव देवि सुरेश्वरि॥२५॥
त्राहि मां पद्मपत्राक्शि सत्ये सत्या भवस्व नः।
शरणं भव मे दुर्गे शरण्ये भक्तवत्सले॥२६॥
एवं स्तुता हि सा देवी दर्शयामास पाण्डवम्
पगम्य तु राजानमिदं वचनमब्रवीत्॥२७॥

देव्युवाच

शृणु राजन्महाबाहो मदीयं वचनं प्रभो।
भवि्यत्यचिरादेव संग्रामे विजयस्तव॥२८॥
मम प्रसादान्निर्जित्य हत्वा कौरववाहिनीम्।
राज्यं निष्कण्टकं कृत्वा भोक्यसे मेदिनीं पुनः॥२९॥
भ्ातृभिः सहितो राजन्प्रीतिं प्राप्स्यसि पुष्कलाम्
मत्प्सादाच्च ते सौख्यमारोग्यं च भविष्यति॥३०॥
ये च संकीर्तयिष्यन्ति लोके विगतकल्मषाः।
तेषां तुष्टा प्रदास्यामि राज्यमायुर्वपुः सुतम्॥३१॥
प्रवासे नगरे ापि संग्रामे शत्रुसंकटे।
अटव्यां दुर्गकान्तारे सागरे गहने गिरौ॥३२॥
ये स्मरिष्यन्ति मां ाजन्यथाहं भवता स्मृता।
न तेां दुर्लभं किंचिदस्मिल्लोके भविष्यति॥३३॥
इदं स्तोत्रवरं भक्त्या ृणयाद्वा पेत वा।
तस्य सर्वाणि कार्याणि सिद्धिं यास्यन्ति पाण्डवाः॥३४॥
मत्प्सादाच्च वः सर्वान्विराटनगरे स्थितान्
न प्रज्ञास्यन्ति कुरो नरा व तन्निवासिनः॥३५॥

वैशम्पायन उवाच
इत्युक्त्वा वरदा देवी युधिष्टिरमरंदमम्।
रक्षाम् कृत्वा च पाण्डूनां तत्रैवान्तरधीयत॥३६

 

SLP1 transliteration

vESampAyana uvAca

virAwanagaraM ramyaM gacCamAno yuDizWiraH.
astuvanmanasA devIM durgAM triBuvaneSvarIM..1…
yaSodAgarBasaMBUtAM nArAyaRavarapriyAm
nandagopakule jAtAM maNgalyAM kulavarDinIm..2..
kaMsavidrAvaRakarImasurARAM kzayaMkarIM.
SIlAtawavinikziptAmAkASaM prati gAminIm..3..
vAsudevasya BaginIM divyamAylaviBuSitAM.
divyAmbaraDarAM devIM KaqgaKewakaDAriRIm..4..
BArAvataraRe puRye ye smaranti sadA SivAM.
tAnvE tArayate pApAtpaNke gAmiva durvalAm…5..
stotuM pracakrame BUyo viviDEH stotrasaMBavEH.
Amantrya darSanAkANkzI rAjA devIM sahAnujaH..6..
namo’stu varade kfzRe kumAri brahmacAriRi
bAlArkasadrSAkAre pUrRacandraniBAnane..7..
caturBuje caturvaktre pInaSroRipayoDare.
mayUrapicCavalaye keyUrANgadaDAriRi..8..
BAsi devi yaTA padmA nArAyaRaprarigrahaH.
svarupaM brahmacaryaM ca viSadaM tava Kecari..9..
kfzRacCavisamA kfzRA saMkarzaRasamAnanA.
biBratI vipulO bAhU SakraDvajasamucCrayO..10..
pAtrI ca paNkajI GaRwI strI biSudDA ca yA Buvi.
pASaM DanurmahAcakraM viviDAnyAyuDAni ca..11..
kiRqalAByAM supUrRAByAM karRAByAM ca viBuSitA.
candravisparDinA devi muKena tvaM virAjase..12..
mukuwena vicitreRa keSabanDena SoBinA.
BujaNgaBogavAsena SriRasutreRa rAjatA..13..
viBrAjase cAbadDena Bogeneveha mandaraH.
Dvajena SiKipicCAnAmucCritena virAjase..14..
kOmAraM vratamAsTAya tridivaM pAvitaM tvayA.
tena tvaM stUyase devI tridaSEH pUjyase’pi ca..15..
trElokyarakzaRArTAya mahizAsuranASini.
prasannA me suraSrezWe dayAM kuru SivA Bava..16..
jayA tvaM vijayA cEva saMgrAme ca jayapradA
mamApi vijayaM dehi varadA tvaM ca sAMpratam..17..
vinDye cEva nagaSrezWe tava sTAnaM hi SASvatam
kAli kAli mahAkAli sIDumAMsapaSupriye..18..
kftAnuyAtrA BUtEstvaM varadA kAmacAriRI.
BArAvatAre ye ca tvAM saMsmarizyanti mAnavAH..19..
praRamanti ca ye tvAM hi praBAte tu narA Buvi.
na tezAM durlaBaM kiMcitputrato Danato’pi vA..20..
durgAttArayase durge tattvaM durgA smftA janEH
kAntArezvavasannAnAM magnAnAm ca mahArRave.
dasyuBirvA nirudDAnAM tvaM gatiH paramA nfRAm..21..
jalaprataraRe cEva kAntArezvawavIzu ca.
ye smaranti mahAdevi na ca sIdanti te narAH..22..
tvaM kIrtiH SrIrDftiH sidDirhrIrvidyA saMtatirmatiH.
saMDyA rAtriH praBA nidrA jyotsnA kAntiH kzamA dayA
nfRAM ca banDanaM mohaM putranASaM Danakzayam
vyADiM mftyuM BayaM cEva pUjitA nASayizyasi..24..
so’haM rAjyAtpariBrazwaH SaraRaM tvAM prapannavAn.
praRataSca yaTA mUrDnA tava devi sureSvari..25..
trAhi mAM padmapatrAkSi satye satyA Bavasva naH.
SaraRaM Bava me durge SaraRye Baktavatsale..26..
evaM stutA hi sA devI darSayAmAsa pARqavam
upagamya tu rAjAnamidaM vacanamabravIt..27..

devyuvAca

SfRu rAjanmahAbAho madIyaM vacanaM praBo.
BavizyatyacirAdeva saMgrAme vijayastava..28..
mama prasAdAnnirjitya hatvA kOravavAhinIm.
rAjyaM nizkaRwakaM kftvA Bokyase medinIM punaH..29..
BrAtfBiH sahito rAjanprItiM prApsyasi puzkalAm
matprasAdAcca te sOKyamArogyaM ca Bavizyati..30..
ye ca saMkIrtayizyanti loke vigatakalmazAH.
tezAM tuzwA pradAsyAmi rAjyamAyurvapuH sutam..31..
pravAse nagare cApi saMgrAme SatrusaMkawe.
awavyAM durgakAntAre sAgare gahane girO..32..
ye smarizyanti mAM rAjanyaTAhaM BavatA smftA.
na tezAM durlaBaM kiMcidasmi????lloke Bavizyati..33..
idaM stotravaraM BaktyA SfRuyAdvA paWeta vA.
tasya sarvARi kAryARi sidDiM yAsyanti pARqavAH..34..
matprasAdAcca vaH sarvAnvirAwanagare sTitAn
na prajYAsyanti kuravo narA vA tannivAsinaH..35..

vESampAyana uvAca

ityuktvA varadA devI yuDizwiramaraMdamam.
rakzAm kftvA ca pARqUnAM tatrEvAntaraDIyata..36

 

śrī narasiṃhapurāṇa, prathamodhyāyaḥ

Transliteration scheme: SLP1 (Vowels and Consonants-how they are transliterated)

SrI lakzmInfsiMhAya namaH.

nArAyaRaM namaskftya naraM cEva narottamam. devIM sarasvatIM cEva tato jayamudIrayet..

taptahAwakakeSAntarjvalatpAvakalocana.
vajrADikaraKasparSa divyasiMha namostu te..1..
pAntu vo narasiMhasya naKalANgalakowayaH.
hiraRyakaSiporvakzaH kzetrAsfkkardamAruRAH..2…
himarvadvAsinaH sarve munayo vedapAragAH.
trikAlajYAmahAtmAno nEmizAraRyavAsinaH..3..
yerbudAraRyaniratAH puzkarAraRyavAsinaH.
mahendrAdriratA ye ca ye ca vindDyanivAsinaH..4..
DarmAraRyaratA ye ca daRqakAraRyavIsinaH.
SrIzOlaniratA ye ca kurukzetranivAsinaH..5..
kOmAraparvate ye ca ye ca pampAnivAsinaH.
ete cAnye ca bahavaH saSizyA munayomalAH..6..
mAGamAse prayAgaM tu snAtuM tIrTa samAgatAH.
tatra snAtvA yaTAnyAyaM kftvA karma japdikam..7..
natvA tu mADavaM devaM kftvA ca pitftarpaRaM.
dfzwvA tatra BaradvAjaM puRyatIrTanivAsinam..8..
taM pUjayitvA viDivattenEva ca supUjitAH.
Asanezu vicitrezu vfsyAdizu yaTAkramam..9..
BaradvAjena dattezu AsInAste tapoDanAH.
kfzRASritAH kaTAH sarve parasparamaTAbruvan..10..
kaTAntezu tatastezAM munInAM BAvitAtmanAM.
AjagAma mahAtejAJ tatra sUto mahAmatiH..11..
vyAsaSizyaH purARajYo lomaharzaRasajYakaH.
tAn praRamya yaTAnyAyaM sa ca teScABipujitaH..12..
upvizwo yaTAyogyaM BaradvAjamatena saH.
vyAsaSizyaM suKAsInaM tataste lomaharzaRam…13
tam papracCa BaradvAjo munInAmagratastadA.

BAradvAja uvAca
SOnakasya mahAsatra bArAkAKyA tu saMhitA.
tvattaH SrutA purA sUta etErasmABireva ca..14..
sAmprataM nArasiMhAKyaM tvattaH pOrARasaMhitAM.
SrotumicCamyahaM yUta SrotykAmA ime sTitAH..15..
atastvAM paripfcCAmi praSnametaM mahAmune.
fzIRAmagrataH sUta mAtarhyzAM mahAtmanAM..16..
kuta etatsamutpanna kena vA paripAlyate.
kasmin va layamaByeti jagadetaccarAcaram..17..
kiM pramARaM ca vE BUmenfsiMhaH kena tuzyati.
karmaRA tu mahABAga tanme bruhi mahAmate..18..
kaTaM ca  sfzwerAdiH syAdavasAnaM kaTaM Bakte.
kaTaM yugasya gaRanA kiM vA syAttu caturyugam..19..
ko vA viSizastezvatra kA vA’vasTA kalO yuge.
kaTamArADyate devo narasiMhopyamAnuzEH..20..
kzetrARi kAni puRyAni ke ca puRyA ziloccayAH.
natyaSca kAH parAH puRyA nfRAM pApaharAH zuBAH..21..
devAdInAM kaTaM sfztiH manormanvantarasya tu.
taTA vidyADarAdInAM sfztirAdO kaTaM Bavet..2..
yajvAnaH ke ca rAjAnaH ke ca sidDiM parAM gatAH.
tatatsarvaM mahABAga kaTayasva kaTAkramam..23..

suta uvAca

vyAsaprasAdAjjAnAmi purARAni tapoDanAH.
taM praRamya purARe nArasiMhakam..24..
pArASaryaM paramapuruzaM viSvadevAkayoniM vidyAvataM vipulamAtidaM vedavedANgavedyaM
SaSvacCAnte SamitAvizayaM zudDatejovizAlaM vedavyAsaM vigataSamalaM sarvadA’haM namAmi..25..
namo Bagavate tasmE vyAsAyA’mitatejase.
yasyaprasAdAdvyakzyAmi vAsudevakaTAmimAm..26..
sunIrRIto mahAnpraSnastvayA yaH parikIrtitaH.
vizRuprasAdeva vinA vaktuM kenApi zakyate…27..
taTApi narasiMhasya prasAdAdeva te’DunA.
pravakSyAmi mahApuRyaM BAradvAja SfRuzva me..28..
SfRvantu munayaH sarve saSizyAstvatra ye sTitAH.
purARaM narasiMhasya pravakzyAmi yaTAtaTA..29..
nArayaRAditaM sarvaM samutpannam carAcaram.
tenEva pAlyate sarvaM narasiMhAdimUrtiBiH..30..
taTEva lIyate cAnte harO jyotiHsvarupiRi.
yaTEva devaH sfjati taTA vakzyAmi tacCfRu..31..
purARAnAM hi sarvezAM nAyaM sADAraRaH sftaH.
SlokoyaM tvaM muneH SrutvA niHSozaM te mune SfRu..32..
sargaSca pratisargaSca vaMSo manvantarARi ca.
vaMSanucAritaM cEvaM purARam paYcalakzaRaM..33..
Adisargo’nusargaSca vaMSo manvantarARi ca.
vaMSAnucaritaM cEva vakzyAmyanusamAsataH..34..
Adisargo mahAstAvat kaTauzyAmi vE dvijAH.
yasmAdAraMya devAnAm rajYAM caritameva ca..35..
jYAyate sarasasyaM ca paramAtmA sanAtanaH.
prAksfzwaH pralayAdUrDva nIsIkiMciddvijottama..36..
brahMasaMjYamaBudekaM jmotozmatsarvakAraRam.
nityaM niraYjanaM SAntaM nirguRaM nityanirmalam..37..
AnandasAgaraM svacCaM yaM kAkzanti mumukzuvaH.
sarvajYaM jyAnarupatvAdanantamahamavyayam..38..
‘avinASi satsAsvacCamacyataM pAvakaM mahat’..
sargakAli tu saMprApte sYAtvA tu sYAtfnAyakaH.
antarlinavikAraM ca tatsrazwumuptacakrame..39..
tasmAtpraDAnamudBUtaM tataScApi mahAnamUt.
sAttviko rAjasaScEva tAmasaSca triDA mahAN..40..
vEkArakastEjasyaSca BUtAdiScEva tAmasaH.
triviDoyamahaMkAro mahattvAdajAyata..42..
yaTA pradAnena mahAn mahatA sa taTAvftaH.
‘BUrtAdidizu vikurvARaH SabdatanmAtrahaM tataH..43..
sasarja SabdatanmAtrAdAkASaM SabdalakSaRam..’
SabdamAtraM taTAkASaM BUtAdIMSca samAvfRot..44..
balavAnaBavadvAyustasya sarSaguRo mataH.
AkASaM SabdatanmAtraM sparSamAtraM taTAvfRot..45..
tato vAyurvikurvARo rupamAtram sasarja ha.
jyotirupodyato vAyostadrupaguRamucyate..46..
sarSamAtrattu vE vAyU rUpamAtraM samAvfRot.
saMBavanti tatomBAMsi rasADArARi tAni tu..47..
rasamAtrARi camBAMsi rupamAtraM samAvfRot.
vikurvARAni cAmBAsi ganDamAtraM sasarjire..48..
tasmAjjAtA mahI veyaM sarvaBUtaguRADikA..
saMGAto jAyate tasmATtasya ganDaguRo mataH..49..
tasmiMsatmIMstu tanmAtrA tena tanmAtrakA smftA.
tanmAtrARyaviSozARi viSezAH kramaSo’parAH..50..
bUtatanAtrasargoyamahaMkArAtu tAmasAt.
kIrtitaste samAsaena BaradvAja mayA tava..51..
tEjasAnIntriyARyAhuH devA vEkArikA daSa.
ekAdaSaM manaScAtra kIrtitaM tantra cintakEH..52..
budDIntdriyARi paYcAtra paYca karmendriyARi ca.
tAni vakSyAmi tezAM ca karmARi kulapAvana..53..
SravaRe ca dfSO jihvA nAsikA cEva paYcamI.
SabdAdijYAnasidDyarTaM budDiyuktAni paYca vE..54..
pAyUpasTe hastapAdO vAgBaradvAja paYcamI.
visargAnandaSilpI ca gatyuktI karma tatsmftam..55..
AkASavAyutejAMsi salilaM pfTivI taTA.
SabdAdiBirguROrvipra saMyuktAnyuttarottarEH..56..
nAnAvIryAH pfTagBUtAH tataste saMhatiM vinA.
nASaknuvanprajAM srazwaM samAMgamya sakftsnaSaH..57..
sametyAnyonyasaMyogaM parasparasamASrayAt.
ekasaMGAtalakSaSca saMprApEkyamaSozataH..58..
puruSADizWitatvAcca prakftyAnugraheRa ca.
mahadAdayo viSezAntAstvaRqamutpAdayenti te..59..
tatkrameRa vivfdDaM ta jalabudbrudavatsTitam.
mUteByoRqaM maMhAbudDe bfhattadudakeSayam..60..
prAkftaM brahmarupasya vizRoH sTAna manutamam.
tatrAvyaktasvaruposO vizRuviSveSvaraH praBuH..61..
brahmasvarupamAsTAya svayameva vyavasTitaH.
garBodakaM samudrASca tasyABUvanmahAtmanaH..62..
adridvIpasamudrASca sajyotirlokasaMgrahaH.
tasminnaRqe’BavatsarvaM sadevAsuramAnuzaM..63..
rajoguRayuto devaH svayameva hariHparaH.
brahmarupaM samAsTAya jagatsfzwO pravartate..64..
sfzwaM ca pAtyanugaM yAvatkalpAvikalpanA.
narasiMhAdirupeRa rudrarupERa saMsaret..65..
brAhmeRa rupERa sfjatyananto jagatsamasataM paripAdumicCan.
rAmAdirupaM sa tu gfhya pAti BUtvATa rudraH prakaroti nASam..66..
iti SrInarasiMhapurARe sargakaTane praTamo’DyAya..

gītā karādinyāsaḥ

atha gītākarādinyāsaḥ

oṃ asya śrībhagavadgītāmālāmantrasya|| bhagavānvedavyāsa ṛṣiḥ|| anuṣṭup chandaḥ|| śrīkṛṣṇaḥ paramātmā devatā|| aśocyānanvaśocastvaṃ prajñāvādāṃśca iti
bījaṃ||
sarvadharmānparityajya māmeka śaraṇaṃ vrajeti śaktiḥ|| ahaṃ tvā sarvapāpebhyo mokṣayiṣyāmi mā śuca iti kīlakam|| nainaṃ chiṃdaṃti  śastrāṇi nainaṃ dahati
pāvaka ityaṃguṣṭhābhyāṃ namaḥ|| na cainaṃ klodayaṃtyāpo na śoṣayati māruta iti tarjanībhyāṃ namaḥ|| acchedyo’yamadāhyo’yamaklodyo’śoṣya eva ceti
madhyamābhyāṃ namaḥ|| nityaḥ sarvagataḥ sthāṇuracalo’yaṃ sanātana ityanāmikābhyāṃ namaḥ|| paśya me pārtha rupāṇi śataśo’tha sahasraśa iti kaniṣṭhikābhyāṃ
namaḥ|| nānāvidhāni divyāni nānāvarṇākṛtīni ceti karatalakarapṛṣṭhābhyāṃ namaḥ|| iti karanyāsaḥ||

atha hṛdayādinyāsaḥ||

nainaṃ chiṃdaṃti śastrāṇi nainaṃ dahati pāvaka iti hṛdayāya namaḥ|| na cainaṃ klodyaṃatyāpau na śoṣayati māruta iti śirase svāhā|| acchedyo’yamadāhyo’yamakledyo’śoṣya eva ceti śikhāyai vaṣaṭ|| nityaḥ sarvagataḥ sthāṇuravalo’yaṃ sanātana iti kavacāya hum|| paśya me pārtha rupāṇi śataśo’ta sahasraśa iti netratrayāya vauṣaṭ|| nānāvidhāni divyāni nānāvarṇakṛtīni ceti astrāya phaṭ||

||śrīkṛṣṇaprītyarthe pāṭha viniyogaḥ||

Devanagari

अथ गीताकरादिन्यासः

ॐ अस्य श्रीभगवद्गीतामालामन्त्रस्य|| भगवान्वेदव्यास ऋषिः|| अनुष्टुप् छन्दः|| श्रीकृष्णः परमात्मा देवता|| अशोच्यानन्वशोचस्त्वं प्रज्ञावादांश्च इति
बीजं||
सर्वधर्मान्परित्यज्य मामेक शरणं व्रजेति शक्तिः|| अहं त्वा सर्वपापेभ्यो मोक्षयिष्यामि मा शुच इति कीलकम्|| नैनं छिंदंति  शस्त्राणि नैनं दहति
पावक इत्यंगुष्ठाभ्यां नमः|| न चैनं क्लोदयंत्यापो न शोषयति मारुत इति तर्जनीभ्यां नमः|| अच्छेद्योऽयमदाह्योऽयमक्लोद्योऽशोष्य एव चेति
मध्यमाभ्यां नमः|| नित्यः सर्वगतः स्थाणुरचलोऽयं सनातन इत्यनामिकाभ्यां नमः|| पश्य मे पार्थ रुपाणि शतशोऽथ सहस्रश इति कनिष्ठिकाभ्यां
नमः|| नानाविधानि दिव्यानि नानावर्णाकृतीनि चेति करतलकरपृष्ठाभ्यां नमः|| इति करन्यासः||

अथ हृदयादिन्यासः||

नैनं छिंदंति शस्त्राणि नैनं दहति पावक इति हृदयाय नमः|| न चैनं क्लोद्यंअत्यापौ न शोषयति मारुत इति शिरसे स्वाहा|| अच्छेद्योऽयमदाह्योऽयमक्लेद्योऽशोष्य एव चेति शिखायै वषट्|| नित्यः सर्वगतः स्थाणुरवलोऽयं सनातन इति कवचाय हुम्|| पश्य मे पार्थ रुपाणि शतशोऽत सहस्रश इति नेत्रत्रयाय वौषट्|| नानाविधानि दिव्यानि नानावर्णकृतीनि चेति अस्त्राय फट्||

||श्रीकृष्णप्रीत्यर्थे पाठ विनियोगः||

SLP1

aTa gItAkarAdinyAsaH

oM asya SrIBagavadgItAmAlAmantrasya.. BagavAnvedavyAsa fziH.. anuzwup CandaH.. SrIkfzRaH paramAtmA devatA.. aSocyAnanvaSocastvaM prajYAvAdAMSca iti
bIjaM..
sarvaDarmAnparityajya mAmeka SaraRaM vrajeti SaktiH.. ahaM tvA sarvapApeByo mokzayizyAmi mA Suca iti kIlakam.. nEnaM CiMdaMti  SastrARi nEnaM dahati
pAvaka ityaMguzWAByAM namaH.. na cEnaM klodayaMtyApo na Sozayati mAruta iti tarjanIByAM namaH.. acCedyo’yamadAhyo’yamaklodyo’Sozya eva ceti
maDyamAByAM namaH.. nityaH sarvagataH sTARuracalo’yaM sanAtana ityanAmikAByAM namaH.. paSya me pArTa rupARi SataSo’Ta sahasraSa iti kanizWikAByAM
namaH.. nAnAviDAni divyAni nAnAvarRAkftIni ceti karatalakarapfzWAByAM namaH.. iti karanyAsaH..

aTa hfdayAdinyAsaH..

nEnaM CiMdaMti SastrARi nEnaM dahati pAvaka iti hfdayAya namaH.. na cEnaM klodyaMatyApO na Sozayati mAruta iti Sirase svAhA..acCedyo’yamadAhyo’yamakledyo’Sozya eva ceti SiKAyE vazaw.. nityaH sarvagataH sTARuravalo’yaM sanAtana iti kavacAya hum.. paSya me pArTa rupARi SataSo’ta sahasraSa iti netratrayAya vOzaw.. nAnAviDAni divyAni nAnAvarRakftIni ceti astrAya Paw..

..SrIkfzRaprItyarTe pAWa viniyogaH..

 

Verses 6,7,8 of the nAmArtha-sudhA commentary on the viShNu sahasranAma

अनादिनिधनं विष्णुं सर्वलोकमहेश्वरम् ।
लोकाध्यक्षं स्तुवन्नित्यं सर्वदुःखातिगो भवेत् ॥ ६॥

ब्रह्मण्यं सर्वधर्मज्ञं लोकानां कीर्तिवर्धनम् ।
लोकनाथं महद्भूतं सर्वभूतभवोद्भवम् ॥ ७॥

एष मे सर्वधर्माणां धर्मोऽधिकतमो मतः ।
यद्भक्त्या पुण्डरीकाक्षं स्तवैरर्चेन्नरः सदा ॥ ८॥

भाष्य

प्रकृतेपषोगिफलं वदन् पुरुषं विशिनष्टि अनादीति द्वाभ्यां जन्मविनाशशून्यं नित्यमित्यर्त्हः। यतो विष्ङुं व्यापकं अतः स्र्वेषां लोकानां तत्पतीनाञ्च
महेश्वरं। लोकास्ते तत्पतयश्चाध्यक्षाः कयामलकवत् प्रत्यक्षा यस्य तं। अत्रानातीत्यकालोपाधिकतया विष्ङुमित्यदेशोपाधिकतयो चोपकारितायाः सर्वेति
स्तोतृवाञ्छित-पूरकताया लोकेति सर्वज्ञतायाश्च सूचनादर्चन-स्तवन-योग्यत्वं ईद्र्शं तं स्तुवन् जनः सर्वदुःखातिगो
भवेत्तापत्रयदावाग्निमतीत्यानन्दसिन्धुं कृष्णं प्राप्यानन्दी भवन्मुक्तः स्यादित्यथः। आदिमे श्लोके नाम्नां  केवलमुच्चारणं मध्ये तदचनादिफुर्वकं तेषां
कीर्तनं अन्त्ये तु कथञ्चिदेव तदुच्चारङमूक्तं । “सकृदुच्चारितं येन हिरिरित्याक्षरत्वयं। बद्धः परिकरतेन मोक्षाय हमनं प्रति॥ सकृदपि परिगीतं
श्रद्धया हेलयी वा भृगुवर नरमात्रं तारयेत् कृष्णनाम” इत्यादि वाक्येभ्यः। यत्तुदीर्घकालादरनैरन्तर्योपसेवितैस्तीर्थपःसमाधिभिर्दुर्लभां मुक्तिं वाख्
व्यापारितमात्रेण नाय ब्रुवच्छास्त्रमर्थवाद इत्याह तत् खलु नाम प्रभावानिभिज्ञस्य छान्दस्य पशुत्वमेव। अन्यथा ततार्थवादो हरिनाम्नि कल्पनमिति
स्मृतिर्व्याकुप्येत्॥६॥

ब्रह्मङ्यं विप्रदेवतपोभ्यो हितं तेषां पालकमित्यर्थः। सर्वान् वेदोक्तान् धर्मानग्निहोत्र-दर्ष-पौर्णमासादीन् स्वार्चन-ध्यान-प्रणतिस्तुत्यादींश्च जानातीति तं
तदुक्तफलप्रदमित्यर्थः। लोकानां वेदोक्त-तत्तद्धर्मानुष्ठयिनां जनानां कीर्तिवर्धनं तदनुगुणद्रविणविद्या-वैराग्यादि-प्रदानेन तेषां यशो
विस्तारयन्तमित्यर्थः। लोकैर्विधिरुद्रादिभिः स्वाभिलषित-लाभाय-यावनीयमिति। लोकांस्तान्नाथति शास्तिष्टेचेति वा लोकनाथं नाथृणाध्र्याच्ञोपतापैश्वर्याशीःन्विति(त्हे
पर्त् जुस्त् अऋतेर् आशीः इस् नोत् चेर्तइन्) धातु पाथः। “युगकोटिसहस्राणि विष्णुमारध्य पद्मभुः। पुनस्त्रैलोक्यधतृत्वं प्राप्तवानिति शुश्रूम्” इति। महादेवः
सर्वमैधे महात्मा हुत्यात्मानं देवदेवो बभुव(उन्चेर्तइन् बेचउसे भेन्गलि हस् नोने ऋओर् व्)। विश्वा~ल्लोकान् व्याप्य विष्टभ्य कीर्त्या विराजते द्युतिमान् कृत्तिवासा
इति “एतौ तौ विबुध्श्रेष्थौ प्रसाद-क्रोधजाबुभौ तदा दर्षितपन्थानो सृष्टिसंहारकारकौ” इति च महाभारतात्। एतेच्चान्यत्र विसृतं महत्तेषां लोकानां पुज्यं यतो
भूतं तेभ्यः पूर्वसिद्धं| अदतेवाह सर्वेति सर्वेषां भूतानां भवो जन्मयाभ्यां तौ सर्वभुतभवौ विधिरुद्रौ तयोरुद्भवो यस्मात्तं “प्रजापतिञ्च
रुद्रञ्चाप्यहमेव सृजामि वै। तौ हि मां न विजानीतो मम मायाविमोहितौ” इत्यादि महाभारतात्॥७॥

पञ्चमस्योत्तरमाह एष इति। सर्वेषां मदुक्तानां दर्माणांमध्ये एष धर्मो मे भीष्मस्याध्कतमोत्युत्कृष्टो मतः। क एष इति चेत्तत्राह यदिति। भक्त्या
पुन्डरीकाक्षं कृष्णं तदात्मकनामजपलक्षङैः स्तवैरर्वेदिति यत्। श्रद्धापूर्वकं तन्नामकीर्तनलक्षणमर्चनमेव भीष्माभिमतः परमो धर्म इत्यर्थः। इह
भक्त्येति कषायपानवद्विरसाद्दवतान्तरार्चनात् पुण्डरीकाक्षमिति विकृतभ्यङ्कर-देवतान्तरस्तोत्रात्। स्तवैरिति बहुलायास-ज्योतिष्टोमादेश्चात्कर्षः। नर इति
द्विजत्वादि नियमस्यैकवचनेन बहुसहकारि-नियमस्य। सदेति देश-काल-विशुद्धपेक्षायाष्च निवृत्तिः सूच्यते। भक्त्या विभिन्नतया
स्वामित्वबुद्ध्येतोके।भीष्मेणोक्तायं नाम्नां महोत्कर्षस्तेषां भगवद्रुपत्वादेव बोध्यः। “आस्य कानन्दो नाम चिद्वक्तन महस्ते विष्णो सुमतिं भजामहे ॐ तत्
सत्” इति श्रुतेः। “नाम चिन्तामणि कृष्णश्चैतन्यरसविग्रहः। पूर्ण श्रद्धो नित्यमक्तोऽभिन्नत्वान्नामनामिनो” इति पद्मोच्च। अतएव नामोवन्नाम्नां शक्तिः।
“अवशेनापिर् यन्नाम्नि कीर्तिते सर्वपातकैः। पुमान् विमूच्यते सद्यः सिंहस्त्रस्तैर्मृगैरिव इति।” वैश्णवात्। “अयं हि कृरनिर्वेशो जन्मकोत्यंहसामपि।
यत्व्याजकार विवशो नाम स्वस्त्ययनं हरेः।” इति श्रीभागवताच्च। दुःसाध्यैस्तीर्थटनादिभिमुक्तिं ब्रुवच्छात्रं तु नामप्रभाबानभिज्ञानधिकृत्य साव काशं।
यत्तु जपस्तु सर्वधर्मेभ्यः परमो धर्म उच्यते। अहिंसया व भुतानाम् जपयज्ञः प्रवर्तुत इति भरतवचनाद्धिंसावैधुर्यान्नामसंकीर्तनस्य महत्त
माहुस्तदपि तदनभिज्ञवचनानिवादतया न्नेयं॥८॥

SLP1 transliteration of the verses

anAdiniDanaM vizRuM sarvalokamaheSvaram .
lokADyakzaM stuvannityaM sarvaduHKAtigo Bavet .. 6..

brahmaRyaM sarvaDarmajYaM lokAnAM kIrtivarDanam .
lokanATaM mahadBUtaM sarvaBUtaBavodBavam .. 7..

eza me sarvaDarmARAM Darmo’Dikatamo mataH .
yadBaktyA puRqarIkAkzaM stavErarcennaraH sadA .. 8..

SLP1 transliteration of the commentary

prakftepazogiPalaM vadan puruzaM viSinazwi anAdIti dvAByAM janmavinASaSUnyaM nityamityarthaH. yato vizNuM vyApakaM ataH srvezAM lokAnAM tatpatInAYca
maheSvaraM. lokAste tatpatayaScADyakzAH kayAmalakavat pratyakzA yasya taM. atrAnAtItyakAlopADikatayA vizNumityadeSopADikatayo copakAritAyAH sarveti
stotfvAYCita-pUrakatAyA loketi sarvajYatAyASca sUcanAdarcana-stavana-yogyatvaM IdrSaM taM stuvan janaH sarvaduHKAtigo
BavettApatrayadAvAgnimatItyAnandasinDuM kfzRaM prApyAnandI BavanmuktaH syAdityaTaH. Adime Sloke nAmnAM  kevalamuccAraRaM maDye tadacanAdiPurvakaM tezAM
kIrtanaM antye tu kaTaYcideva taduccAraNamUktaM . “sakfduccAritaM yena hirirityAkzaratvayaM. badDaH parikaratena mokzAya hamanaM prati.. sakfdapi parigItaM
SradDayA helayI vA Bfguvara naramAtraM tArayet kfzRanAma” ityAdi vAkyeByaH. yattudIrGakAlAdaranErantaryopasevitEstIrTapaHsamADiBirdurlaBAM muktiM vAK
vyApAritamAtreRa nAya bruvacCAstramarTavAda ityAha tat Kalu nAma praBAvAniBijYasya CAndasya paSutvameva. anyaTA tatArTavAdo harinAmni kalpanamiti
smftirvyAkupyet..6..

brahmaNyaM vipradevatapoByo hitaM tezAM pAlakamityarTaH. sarvAn vedoktAn DarmAnagnihotra-darza-pOrRamAsAdIn svArcana-DyAna-praRatistutyAdIMSca jAnAtIti taM
taduktaPalapradamityarTaH. lokAnAM vedokta-tattadDarmAnuzWayinAM janAnAM kIrtivarDanaM tadanuguRadraviRavidyA-vErAgyAdi-pradAnena tezAM yaSo
vistArayantamityarTaH. lokErviDirudrAdiBiH svABilazita-lABAya-yAvanIyamiti. lokAMstAnnATati SAstizweceti vA lokanATaM nATfRADryAcYopatApESvaryASIHnviti(the
part just after ASIH is not certain) DAtu pATaH. “yugakowisahasrARi vizRumAraDya padmaBuH. punastrElokyaDatftvaM prAptavAniti SuSrUm” iti. mahAdevaH
sarvamEDe mahAtmA hutyAtmAnaM devadevo baBuva(uncertain because Bengali has none for v). viSvA~llokAn vyApya vizwaBya kIrtyA virAjate dyutimAn kfttivAsA
iti “etO tO vibuDSrezTO prasAda-kroDajAbuBO tadA darzitapanTAno sfzwisaMhArakArakO” iti ca mahABAratAt. eteccAnyatra visftaM mahattezAM lokAnAM pujyaM yato
BUtaM teByaH pUrvasidDaM| adatevAha sarveti sarvezAM BUtAnAM Bavo janmayAByAM tO sarvaButaBavO viDirudrO tayorudBavo yasmAttaM “prajApatiYca
rudraYcApyahameva sfjAmi vE. tO hi mAM na vijAnIto mama mAyAvimohitO” ityAdi mahABAratAt..7..

paYcamasyottaramAha eza iti. sarvezAM maduktAnAM darmARAMmaDye eza Darmo me BIzmasyADkatamotyutkfzwo mataH. ka eza iti cettatrAha yaditi. BaktyA
punqarIkAkzaM kfzRaM tadAtmakanAmajapalakzaNEH stavErarvediti yat. SradDApUrvakaM tannAmakIrtanalakzaRamarcanameva BIzmABimataH paramo Darma ityarTaH. iha
Baktyeti kazAyapAnavadvirasAddavatAntarArcanAt puRqarIkAkzamiti vikftaByaNkara-devatAntarastotrAt. stavEriti bahulAyAsa-jyotizwomAdeScAtkarzaH. nara iti
dvijatvAdi niyamasyEkavacanena bahusahakAri-niyamasya. sadeti deSa-kAla-viSudDapekzAyAzca nivfttiH sUcyate. BaktyA viBinnatayA
svAmitvabudDyetoke.BIzmeRoktAyaM nAmnAM mahotkarzastezAM BagavadrupatvAdeva boDyaH. “Asya kAnando nAma cidvaktana mahaste vizRo sumatiM BajAmahe oM tat
sat” iti SruteH. “nAma cintAmaRi kfzRaScEtanyarasavigrahaH. pUrRa SradDo nityamakto’BinnatvAnnAmanAmino” iti padmocca. ataeva nAmovannAmnAM SaktiH.
“avaSenApir yannAmni kIrtite sarvapAtakEH. pumAn vimUcyate sadyaH siMhastrastErmfgEriva iti.” vESRavAt. “ayaM hi kfranirveSo janmakotyaMhasAmapi.
yatvyAjakAra vivaSo nAma svastyayanaM hareH.” iti SrIBAgavatAcca. duHsADyEstIrTawanAdiBimuktiM bruvacCAtraM tu nAmapraBAbAnaBijYAnaDikftya sAva kASaM.
yattu japastu sarvaDarmeByaH paramo Darma ucyate. ahiMsayA va ButAnAm japayajYaH pravartuta iti BaratavacanAdDiMsAvEDuryAnnAmasaMkIrtanasya mahatta
mAhustadapi tadanaBijYavacanAnivAdatayA nneyaM..8..